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Lister Asquith to John Adams

24 Apr. 1786

May it please your Excellency St Pauls de Leon Prison April 24th 1786

Sir

Having now been confin’d above 8 Months, and no likeness of our being at Liberty, after they have confiscated all my property, &, for what crime I cannot tell, as I am certain I have committed none, without entering into their ports be one, when in the greatest distress for want of Provisions. I have taken the Liberty of craving your assistance, and Interest, with His Excellency Mr: Jefferson as I expect he is not return’d, having wrote to His Excellencys Secretary Mr. Short, who has not return’d any answer, since Monr. De Raneval in the name of Monr: De Callonne the Controller General, wrote to these Officers to discharge us if we submitted to their sentence, and would not appeal. I wrote directly what I submitted too, and beg’d, he would get an absolute order, because, they would take no notice of that Letter. (as I too evidently saw, it was vain, and useless, to appeal, because, the Farmers can delay what they please, and do what they please) having got the Laws in their own hands, they have constantly delay’d His Excellencys demands on the Cabinet by their influence, and Interest, with the ministers; and have condem’d us by their own Court at Brest to the Gallies, or, the fine of 1000 Livres [per] man, besides the Confiscation of vessel, and Cargo, in open defiance of several articles of the Alliance, they admit English smuglers to come into their Ports with Tobacco, tho’, not near so large as my Vessel, who, knowing their Laws, and Customs, Fees their Officers and are set at Liberty; (this has been done since I have been confind) they have also told me since my confinement, that, if I had fee’d them at first, they would have set me also at Liberty. But as I was certain they wanted to spunge money from me, I would not fee them, for which reason, they seized the Vessel, and confin’d us, and made such depositions against us, which, being in French we could not answer, not understanding the Language; that they condem’d us against the Strictest part of the Alliance, which I know commands so strictly, assistance to all Americans in distress, be what ever buthen, or Cargo, they would; and there is not any proofs whatever against us, of any crime we have committed only, infamous, perjured, depositions, and I firmly, relyed on the Alliance, (but that is not regarded now by these Farmers) on the impartiality of the Cabinet, and on the just demands of his Excellency, but the Farmers have got so much Interest and influence at court, that, they make, and break, what Laws suit’s best their own selfinterests, in open defiance of the Alliance, or the Solicitations of his Excellency; and I hope Congress will not allow their subjects to be imprisoned, their property confiscated, without any proofs of any Crime they have committed …

His Excellency wrote March 5th:, that he had obtaind an order for our discharge, without any Charges, or fines, provided, we submitted, which Mr: Short rec’d a few minutes after his Excellencys departure for London, and was sent here, but they would not set us at Liberty. the 4th: Inst the Captain General came here, to demand, if we intended to pay him all his Expences, he had been at during the time we had been here; and, being told we had no money, answer’d, as they had got the Vessel, and Cargo, confiscated to their profit, we should lay here, if we did not pay his demands; an other Officer the 19th; Inst. demanded the same, in the name of the Controller General of Brest, and on being answer’d we had no money, reply’d they would take an order on Messrs: Desbordes of Brest, provided, we signd it, and set us at Liberty, as they had got the Vessel and Cargo confiscated to them, they would also have their Expences, or, we should lay here; I told them I would not draw any bills, or give any orders, on his Excellency, or on Messrs: Desbordes, neither, would I sign any papers whatever in French, because I did not understand the Language, before I had His Excellencys express orders, as I believed their orders were to set us at Liberty without any fees, or fines, as I knew they wanted to get more money from us if they could, after they had deprived us of all our property by their false, and perjured depositions. Not hearing any thing from his Excellency, or his Secretary, of his return to France, implore you would mention to him our unhappy situation, and exert your humanity, and influence, as I know the Farmers will make (as they allways have) all the delays, possible, to keep us here, under pretences of reluctancy, in remit\ting/ the Fines, after they have infamously deprived me of my property, and entirely ruined me having lost a handsome Fortune in they Warr, and I know I have lost an independent fortune in England by my detention here, and being deprived of settling my business there, as I am an E\n/glishman, and in the Service of America all the Warr, my relations have, depriv’d me of all my dependance for my taking up arms against them, as I was not there at the Trial by which accident, and, the lost of this Vessel and Cargo, I am entirely ruined, and am in a strange co\u/ntry, confind, my property confiscated, where I expected to have had the most humane treatment, and assistance, without the commission of any crime whatever.

I beg if His Excellency is return’d you will write to him, as I very seldom receive any answers to my Letters, & should be happy of your writing to me by return of post, and please to direct it \to me/ inclosed in one directed to Messrs Diotts & Co: Negociants Morlaix, as several of His Excellencys Letters have been stop’d 12 or 14 days before we rec’d them, for which kindnesses we shall ever remain / Your most ob’dt: & humble Servt:

Lister Asquith

RC (MHi: Adams Papers).
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