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Arnold Delius to Thomas Boylston Adams

8 Jun. 1796

Sir   Bremen June 8th: 1796.

I am honored with your Letter of 24th: Ulto: covering the authentic & very pleasing information respecting a treaty between the united States of america and the Dey of algiers, which I shall publish & make known to all americans in this Port—in the manner I did the former at the Oldenburgh dominions;—Agreable to your request I shall not interferr, with the extend or Jurisdiction of the magistrates of this Town by offering to have this intelligence also publish’d here, which indeed I think as observed by my former Letter would be entirely useless as the limitations of Bremen form no part of the port where the Shipping lays.—

I presented in the year 1794 to each, the Magistrats of this Town & the duke of Oldenburgh a proper attested Copy of my patent as Consul for the United States of america—on which the magistrates immediately proceeded in the manner then notified to you—but the duke of Oldenburgh proceeded in a manner entirely contrary to that of the former—for he recieved my notification in the most politest manner, & had immediately returned to me his Official acknowledgement—as well as the official information that the necessary notification respecting my appointment were already given to all officers in his dominions & particularly to those residing about where the shipping lay near; consequently that I might be perfectly assured that my Official informations & proceedings should be duly respected & protected.—

I have also observed \by/ your Letter that the Magistrats have again without being applied to, informed you that they Still persisted on their former determination of not recieving me as american Consul—this proceeding of theirs I have added on the Score of their other still more unjust Steps—which they have been induced to take thro’ self Interest—in a law suit which I have with a Mr: Heyman a near relation of the chief magistrate, as unproper & as unjust however—as I have been treated—as great is my Satisfaction again—at the certainty of having suffered all this without my own fault—indeed every one who is acquainted with the particulars of this Business, & the greatest part of the Inhabitans of this Town not even excepting some of my antagonists themselves; do me this fair justice by allowing publickly; that I have been very unfairly treated—by those in particualr who should in duty to their trust—protect justice, even if to act against some of their own relations.—

Permit me to enclose you here annexed a small pamphlet lately publish’d—which contains a short abbrevation of my Law suit with Mr Heyman—& some of the ungenerous proceedings I have been obliged to suffer in consequence of it for some years past in this Town; much more might have been said of my sufferings in this publication however this short sketch will be sufficient to convince yourself & every impartial reader—how farr tyranny is carried here, when family Interest is concerned with the legislative power.—

I should have certainly returned to out beloved america long ere this—but the wish of convining the World how I have been used—& the desire of gaining jet a full and ample satisfaction for all such has induced me to the resolution of carrying this suit myself to the heighest Imperial Court of appeals at Wetzlar or Vienna—the ending of this will perhaps keep me for a few years from the happy american Shores—but as soon as I have my Business thus farr settled—I shall most certainly bid adieu to Europe & spend the remaining of my days in that Country which I adore above every other—fully persuaded that Laws, Justice & Rights are never suffered to be set a side there, no Judges & Senates to be bribed by family Interests.—

I shall however before I leave Europe—deliver an other pamphlet to the public which shall be much more pointed & expressive than the present, adding to it all the particulars of my 8 years Law Suit before the magistrat here against one of their relation, with all evidences & proceedings from both sides together with the sentences past thereon—this I trust will finally & fully convince the World how unjustly I have been treated by a sett of family combinents.—

Perhaps if I had prouved myself to be less friend to the united States whose Citizen I am there would have been no objection made to my acting, here as Consul—but as I never will or can consent to any thing which may lead to the disadvantage of the united States at the Citizens thereof—such as to grant Landing Certificates for goods said to be exported from the united States for the benefit of the drawback which I never seen—& more \such/ like unbecoming acts—my opposers have perhaps good reason to expect that if a not Citizen of the United States—or one of the magistrates themself was appointed in my place—such matters could be settled & got more easy & entirely to their satisfaction—jet as long as I have it my power I shall certainly in duty to my appointment hinder & oppose all such impositions offered against the U: St:.—

I shall before long, have occasion—for reason before assign’d—to leave town for a short time in order to carry my action before the heighest Imperial Court—during the time of my absence I shall entrust & direct an other good and faithfull american Citizen—now residing at this place to act in my Stead—& give you all such informations as you may command to have—to this I trust you will not object—finding that I am under the necessity to act so by the ties of my own honor & Credit—as well as in duty to my family & friends.—

Permit me also to enclose you here annexed a map which will give you an idea of that part which is to be understood by the port of Bremen—no Square rigg’d loaden Vessel can come nearer to this Town then Braake—Elsfleth is the general office of clearance & entrance for Vessels & Cargos—Feddewarden is the place Where the commodore pilot lives—all which places belong to the duchy of Oldenburgh,—the Jurisdiction of Bremen extends but very little further then the circuit of the Town itself—about 300 Yards from the east & north side of the Town commences that part of the circle of Lower Saxony which is called the duchy of Bremen belonging to the Elector of Hanover—who owns indeed a considerable part of the Town of Bremen itself—therefore as the authority of the magistrates of Bremen does not extend much bejound the bounderies of the Town– it is certainly exposing themselves to a ridicule of refusing to accept me as Consul for the port of Bremen—a place where they have no kind of right or authority themselves—in fact I look upon asking their reception as a mere matter of Ceremony only done out of regard for the Merchants residing here;

indeed if I was acknowledged here & not at Oldenburg I should only then, feel the loss of a not reception—for all claims & differences of Vessels in the Port of Bremen, are to \be/ Settled before some Court in the dominions of Oldenburgh—& never sufferd to be carried before any other court not in the duchy of Oldenburgh.

I shall do myself the honor to forward to you in a few days a Statement of Commerce between the united States & Bremen, during the last year, which I should have certainly done long ere this had I thought that it would be any ways acceptable to you.–

I have the honor to be with sentiments of the heighest regard / Sir / your most obedient / & most humble Servt: 

A Delius

RC(MHi: Adams Papers); internal address: “Thomas B: Adams Esquire / chargé d’affaires of the United / States of america / at the Hague”; endorsed “Arnold Delius Esqr: / 8 June 1796 / 16 Recd: / 17 Ansd:.”

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