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 Adams Papers Indexes | Adams Papers, Cumulative Index to volumes published through 2008 | I |  Independence (American)

References

To the Abbé Raynal, 5 January 1782 [Papers of John Adams 12:172]+

To the President of Congress, 14 January 1782 [Papers of John Adams 12:190]

From Francis Dana, 4 March 1782 [Papers of John Adams 12:286]

From Henry Grand, 11 March 1781 [Papers of John Adams 12:315]+

Subentries

Jump to “See Also” entries

– AA's advocacy of [3 references]

– Amer. commitment to [17 references]

– Amer. support for [3 references]

– American republic proposes [1 reference]

– Austro-Russian mediation and [3 references]

– British attitudes toward [9 references]

– British opposition to [7 references]

– British proposals for reconciliation short of [9 references]

– British recognition and Russian mediation of [1 reference]

– Carlisle Peace Commission on [1 reference]

– Cotton Tufts urges [1 reference]

– Del. and [4 references]

– Dickinson's opposition to [1 reference]

– Dutch recognition of [1 reference]

– Dutch reluctance to recognize [9 references]

– European recognition of [20 references]

– European self-interest in [5 references]

– Frederick II’s attitude toward [2 references]

– French expectations from [1 reference]

– French recognition of [4 references]

– French recognition of, as an act of war [1 reference]

– French view of its relation to concluding peace [4 references]

– Friesland considers [2 references]

– Ga. and [2 references]

– Galloway's pamphlets on British policy toward [1 reference]

– JA as Novanglus, denies desire for [3 references]

– JA comments on British opposition to [4 references]

– JA on [2 references]

– JA on role in preparing declaration of [1 reference]

– JA on “the glorious Cause,” and “great Object” [3 references]

– JA on, as being in France’s interest [4 references]

– JA's accounts of adoption of [1 reference]

– JA's comments on progress toward [2 references]

– JA's definition of [1 reference]

– Jenings on need to recognize before Anglo-American negotiations [1 reference]

– Joseph Hewes and [1 reference]

– London rumors regarding [1 reference]

– Mass. and [15 references]

– Massachusettensis on [2 references]

– Md. and [2 references]

– N.C. and [4 references]

– N.H. and [3 references]

– N.J. and [8 references]

– N.Y. and [3 references]

– N.Y. city and [3 references]

– Oswald's instructions on recognition of [4 references]

– Penn. and [13 references]

– Pownall's Memorial on reality of [4 references]

– R. H. Lee's resolution [1 reference]

– Russian, Swedish, and Danish attitudes toward [1 reference]

– Spanish recognition of [2 references]

– Thomas Paine on [1 reference]

– Va. and [5 references]

– Zabdiel Adams urges [1 reference]

– and Franco-American treaties [4 references]

– and JA's intercepted letters on [1 reference]

– and JA's preamble on new state governments [1 reference]

– and Lord Howe's conciliation proposals [2 references]

– and Maryland instructions on [2 references]

– and a Dutch-American treaty [5 references]

– and confederation [3 references]

– and negotiations with Carlisle Peace Commissioners [2 references]

– and paper money [1 reference]

– and proposed address to the American people [2 references]

– and prospects for Dutch loan [1 reference]

– and report of British offer for separate peace [5 references]

– and resolution for instituting new governments [1 reference]

– and resolution on instituting state governments [1 reference]

– and slavery [1 reference]

– and trade [2 references]

– and treaty plan [1 reference]

– as sine qua non of peace treaty [2 references]

– as sole object of the war [1 reference]

– attitude in Parliament toward [10 references]

– celebration of [2 references]

– comments on British recognition of [19 references]

– constitutional impossibility of [6 references]

– constraints on Austrian recognition of [1 reference]

– debated in Continental Congress [7 references]

– delay of [6 references]

– desire for [22 references]

– desire for, in Mass. [1 reference]

– determination of Americans to obtain [2 references]

– determination to achieve [1 reference]

– effect of Franco-Spanish intervention on [1 reference]

– effect of quarrels among Americans on [1 reference]

– essential for peace treaty [2 references]

– exertions needed to maintain [1 reference]

– expected European response to [1 reference]

– foreign recognition of [4 references]

– freedom of commerce and [3 references]

– importance of naval power to preservation of [1 reference]

– in fact if not in name [3 references]

– influence on Penn. elections [1 reference]

– instructions to Dutch privateers as recognition of [1 reference]

– opposed by Quakers [2 references]

– opposition to [2 references]

– parties for and against, in Congress [4 references]

– possibility of Dutch recognition of [6 references]

– possibility of Spanish recognition of [6 references]

– possible recognition of, by armed neutrality [8 references]

– recognition as alleged condition for Russian mediation [6 references]

– recognition as condition for alliance with Netherlands [1 reference]

– recognition by armed neutrality [6 references]

– recognition deferred until peace negotiations [1 reference]

– recognition of, as prerequisite for Anglo-American negotiations [6 references]

– recognition prior to peace conference [11 references]

– resolution and vote on [7 references]

– strong economy needed to obtain [1 reference]

– struggle for, compared with Dutch [2 references]

– “Yesterday the greatest Question was decided, which ever was debated in America” [1 reference]

See Also

See also AA—Opinions and Beliefs

See also Continental Congress, 1775, 1776

See also Declaration of Independence

See also United States