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Hamilton Index – F

Hamilton Papers Index: F

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Note: page numbers refer to the letterpress edition. Footnotes that have been moved to the end of documents in the digital edition will appear on a different virtual “page,” but the hyperlink will point to the new location.


Fabrics: manufacture of, and Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures, IX 145–46
Faction and factions: France, in U.S. (1793), Hamilton on, XIII 521–27, in U.S., (1798), XXI 397, 410–11, Hamilton on, XXI 384, 386, 390, 421, 424, 432, 436, 441–42, 446–47, 452–53, 467, 490, 506–7, 513, XXV 204n; Hamilton on role of, in American Revolution, I 84, under Articles of Confederation, III 79, 486, 557, at Constitutional Convention, IV 165, 170, 176, 184, 214n, in The Federalist, IV 362, 369, 382, 397–98, 407, 436, 449, 501–2, 553–54, 570, 571, 574–75, 599, 601–2, 608, 620, 715, in 1800, XXIV 168; Josiah Ogden Hoffman on role of, XXIV 5–6; James Madison on role of, at Constitutional Convention, IV 165–66n
“Fact No. I”: article by Hamilton defending fiscal policies, XII 361–65
“Fact No. II”: article by Hamilton defending fiscal policies, XII 570–71
Faden, William: maps by, XIX 238, XXII 208–9n, 525
Fæsch, Georg Rudolph: and translation of Frederick the Great’s military treatise, XXV 95n
Faesch, John Jacob: Navy contractor, XVII 1, 311, 456, XXVI 848
Fahrenheit’s thermometer: use in customs service, VII 368, VIII 542
Faipoult de Maisoncelle, Guillaume-Charles: French Minister of Finance, XX 219; French Minister at Genoa, XXI 115
Fair American (ship): and customs regulations, XVI 488–89, XVII 444
Fair American (vessel from London), XXI 91n
Fair Eliza (snow): and customs regulations, XII 261
Fairfax, Denny: and Hamilton’s law practice, XX 249
Fairfax, Thomas Fairfax, 6th Baron: claims of heirs and ratification of Constitution, V 13
Fairfax County, Va., III 71n, VI 15n, VIII 472; excise survey, IX 428
Fairfield, Conn., II 146, 160; and American Revolution, II 97n; collector of customs at, see Smedley, Samuel; port of entry, customs accounts, XIII 36–37, 572, 575, 576, XV 476–77, 480–81, 484–85
Fairfield County, Conn.: manufacturing in, IX 334–35
Fairfield County, S.C.: excise survey, VIII 190, IX 429
The Fairfield [Conn.] Gazette; or, the Independent Intelligencer, IV 236n, 240
Fairlie (Fairly), James: New York City merchant, career, XVIII 20n; comment on Additional Army candidate (N.Y.), XXIV 636; and Manhattan Company, XXVI 206; and N.Y. politics, XVIII 18; and Society of the Cincinnati, III 635–36, 638, XXIV 120n
Fairlie, Maria Yates (Mrs. James) (sister of Robert Yates), XVIII 20n
Fair Margaret (sloop): privateer that captured Spanish vessel, XVI 102–3n
“Fair Play”: pseudonym of writer in Gazette of the United States, XII 383n
Faiyum (Fium), Egypt, I 386
Falconer, Nathaniel: port warden (Philadelphia), XI 395n, XV 88n, XVII 255–56
Fallen Timbers, Battle of, XVII 114n, 124n, 323n
Falls of St. Anthony, Northwest Territory: and Northwest boundary dispute, XVIII 411n
Falmouth, District of Me.: collector of customs at, see Fosdick, Nathaniel; and Post Office, VI 195n; report on petition of weighers, measurers, and gaugers of, VI 294–95
Falmouth, England, V 494, VII 136
Fame (brig): and customs regulations, XXVI 545–46
Fame (schooner): and customs regulations, XIII 506
Family Compact (between France and Spain): and U.S. foreign policy, VII 111–12
Faneuil Hall, XVIII 484n, XIX 263n
Fanny (British brig): capture of, by French privateer, XIV 548–49n, XV 24–25n, 87, 182
Farewell, George: attorney in Province of N.Y., I 162n
Farge, —— (Mr.): prisoner on parole (American Revolution), II 501
Farland, Joseph: shipmaster, and customs regulations, XVII 148
Farley, —— (Mr.): Additional Army candidate (Md.), XXII 307
“A Farmer”: pseudonym used by George Logan in pamphlet attacking Hamilton on manufacturing, XII 389
The Farmer Refuted, &c., I 81–165, 373n, II 596n, VI 53n, X 14n, 294n
Farmers: Hamilton on, in The Federalist, IV 560–61; of N.Y., Hamilton’s address to, I 65–78; taxation of during American Revolution, Hamilton on, II 243–44
Farmers-General, French: John B. Church and attempt to sell tobacco to, III 565; U.S. debt to, VI 230, VII 17, 19–20n, IX 315, 499, X 487, XI 106–7, 207–11, 334, 547, 548, XII 453, 454, 458, 460, 467–68. See also “Lost million”
[Walpole, N.H.] Farmer’s Weekly Museum: New Hampshire and Vermont Journal: editor of, XXV 385
Farming, see Agriculture
Farmington, Conn.: and American Revolution, I 432; manufacturing at, IX 319, 321, 322, 346–48
Farquharson, Francis: and Hamilton’s law practice, XXI 58
Farrand, Max: ed., The Records of the Federal Convention of 1787, IV 154–59n, XXVI 149n, 161n
Faucett (Fawcett), John (Hamilton’s maternal grandfather), I 3n, XXI 113n, XXV 89
Faucett (Fawcett), Mary (Mrs. John) (Hamilton’s maternal grandmother), I 3n
Fauche, Jonas: officer, Ga. militia, and alien landownership, XVIII 366, 369, and troops on frontier, XVII 271n
Fauchet, Jean Antoine Joseph: French Minister to the U.S., XVI 311–12n, 351, 423n, 430, XVII 212, XVIII 152, 157, 366, 369, XX 417n, XXV 211n; arrival in U.S., XV 239, 683n, XXI 421n; Dispatch No. 10, XVIII 527–29n, XIX 296n, 327, 350, 375, 378n, 428, 432–33, 454n, 486, 526–27; and embargo (1794), XVI 407n; on English prisoners, treatment of, XV 683n; French coins, U.S. acceptance of, XVI 439–40, 443, 504, 511; on French debts to U.S. citizens, XVI 413–14n, XVIII 458n; and French emigrés, XVI 386; and French privateers and warships, XVI 552–53, XVII 99, 108, 112–13n, 128n, 213n, 398–400; and Jay Treaty, XVIII 347, 347–50n, 373–74; on merchant vessels, arming of, XVII 579; opinion of Hamilton, XVI 262–63, XVIII 19–20n, 47n, XIX 514; and proposed commercial treaty with France, XIX 297, 298n, 308, 428n; replacement and departure, XVIII 389n, XIX 206n, XX 226n; and Santo Domingo, XVI 415, 416; U.S. debt to France, advances paid, XVI 142, 149–50, 303–4, 356, 371–72, 377–78, 432–33n, 517–18, XVIII 8, 16–17, 30; and U.S. relations with Algiers, XVI 521n
Faulkner, Peter: Additional Army candidate (Pa. and N.J.), XXII 143, 146; Army (Quasi-War), XXIII 280, XXIV 642, 645
Faulkner, William: excise opposition (1792), XII 305, 496, 520, XVII 39, 41, 42n, 186, 190
Fauntleroy (Faunt Le Ray), Moore: petition of, XI 231n
Fauquier County, Va.: and American Revolution, I 587; excise survey, IX 428
Faust, R. J., Jr.: vice president, Bank of Manhattan, XVIII 359n
Favorite (French ship): and insult to French flag, XVII 398
Favourite (sloop): and customs regulations, VIII 333
Fawcett, see Faucett
Fay, Bernard: The Two Franklins: Fathers of American Democracy, XVIII 460n
Fay, David: comments on Additional Army candidates (Vt.), XXII 116, 117
Fay, Jonas: and Vt. conspiracy, XI 25n
Fay, Joseph: and Hamilton’s law practice, XXI 27, 53; Vt. representative in negotiations with British, IV 134
Fay, Joseph Dewey (son of Joseph Fay): Hamilton’s law clerk, XXI 28n
Fay, Samuel P.: Additional Army candidate (Mass.), XXII 319, 325, 326, 338
Fayette, Pa., VI 13n
Fayette County, Pa.: and excise opposition, (1792) XI 96–100, XII 307n, 309n; 310n, 540, 596, (1791–1794) XVII 28–32, 35, 40, 45, 47–49n, (1794) XVI 441; excise survey; VIII 189; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 2–6, 52, 53, 57, 131n, 246n, 307, 320, 332, 372, 380n
Fayetteville, N.C., VII 94, IX 122, XXVI 21n; Army stores at (Quasi-War), XXII 243, 352; description of, XI 543; and Federal revenue, IX 85; and ratification of U.S. Constitution, VI 181
Fayetteville [N.C.] Gazette, XII 337n
Fearon, Robert: Englishman visiting U.S., IX 363–64, 365–66, 530
“Features of Jay’s Treaty”: articles by Alexander J. Dallas attacking treaty, XVIII 477, 494n, 514n, XIX 229n, 258n, 292n, 294, 299n, XX 13–15
Febiger, Christian: treasurer of Commonwealth of Pa., and John Nicholson and new loan certificates, VIII 300n, XII 114n, XIII 482n, XV 260n
Fechem, George: report on petition of, XVI 69–72
Federal City, IX 246n, XII 389, XX 48n, XXIII 464, XXIV 555n, XXV 350n, 357–58; commissioners of, VIII 470, 471, XI 50–51n, XII 486n, XVI 424n, 587n, XX 313, XXII 296n; construction of houses in, by Washington, XXIII 527–28; and construction of White House, XVII 104; land speculation in, XVI 586, XVIII 295, 298n, XIX 310n, XX 63, 232, 263n, 400, 401n, XXI 165n, 197n, XXIV 16n, 420n; and Pierre Charles L’Enfant, VIII 252–56, 355, XI 50–51n, XII 142n, 263n, XIV 172n, XVII 104, 236n, XXI 324n, 367n, XXV 401n, 409. See also District of Columbia and Federal Distrist and Seat of Government and Washington, D.C.
Federal Courts, see Judiciary and Supreme Court of the U.S.
Federal District, XXVI 824; and Constitution, VIII 76, 112. See also District of Columbia and Federal City and Washington, D.C.
The Federal Gazette and Philadelphia Daily Advertiser, VII 412n, XII 259–60n, XV 243n
The Federal Gazette, and Philadelphia Evening Post, VI 292n, XV 243n
Federal government: Jefferson on, in First Annual Address, XXV 446, 476; nature of under Constitution, Hamilton on in The Federalist, IV 412–15, 424, 432, 435, 438, 440–43, 444, 450, 460, 462, 466–68, 476, 486, 488–89, 543, 694; nature of under Jefferson, Hamilton on, XXV 502–3
Federal Guard: New York City volunteer regiment (Quasi-War), XXII 164n
Federalism: Hamilton on nature of, in The Federalist, IV 500–2
The Federalist, XXV 452, XXVI 591; authorship of, IV 293–300, XVIII 290, XXIV 390, 396–97, XXV 552; and “The Defence,” XVIII 479, XX 24–25; editions of, IV 289–91, V 342n, XIII 609; and “The Examination,” XXV 478n, 552–57; Hamilton discusses with Madison, V 3; Hamilton sends copies, to Benjamin Rush, IV 332–33, to Washington, V 201, 208n; introductory note to, IV 287–301; numbering of, IV 292; and “Report on the Bank,” VII 249; and “Report on Manufactures,” X 290n; and “Report on Public Credit,” VI 52n, 67n, 79n; text of, IV (No. 1) 301–6, (No. 6) 309–17, (No. 7) 319–26, (No. 8) 326–32, (No. 9) 333–39, (No. 11) 339–46, (No. 12) 346–52, (No. 13) 353–55, (No. 15) 356–64, (No. 16) 364–70, (No. 17) 370–74, (No. 18) 377–84, (No. 19) 384–90, (No. 20) 390–95, (No. 21) 396–401, (No. 22) 402–11, (No. 23) 412–16, (No. 24), 417–22, (No. 25) 422–27, (No. 26) 428–34, (No. 27) 434–38, (No. 28) 439–43, (No. 29) 443–49 (No. 30) 450–55, (No. 31) 456–60, (No. 32) 461–65, (No. 33) 465–69, (No. 34) 470–76, (No. 35) 476–82, (No. 36) 483–90, (No. 49) 493, (No. 50) 494–97, (No. 51) 497–502, (No. 52) 502–7, (No. 53) 508, (No. 54) 508–14, (No. 55) 514–20, (No. 56) 520–27, (No. 57) 527–33, (No. 58) 533–39, (No. 59) 539–44, (No. 60) 545–50, (No. 61) 551–54, (No. 62) 555–61, (No. 63) 561–69, (No. 65) 570–75, (No. 66) 575–81, (No. 67) 581–86, (No. 68) 586–90, (No. 69) 591–98, (No. 70) 598–607, (No. 71) 607–11, (No. 72) 612–17, (No. 73) 618–24, (No. 74) 625–27, (No. 75) 628–33, (No. 76) 633–38, (No. 77) 638–43, (No. 78) 655–63, (No. 79) 663–66, (No. 80) 666–72, (No. 81) 673–83, (No. 82) 683–87, (No. 83) 687–702, (No. 84) 702–14, (No. 85) 714–21
Federalists: accused of monarchism, XII 131–33, XXVI 201; and appointments to Army (Quasi-War), XXIV 560; and assumption of state debts, VI 291; attack on by George I. Eacker, and Eacker-Philip Hamilton duel, XXV 436n; attitude toward Great Britain, XXVI 680; and Aurora. General Advertiser, XXIV 6–7n; James A. Bayard on situation of (1802), XXV 600–1, 613–14; and Aaron Burr, XXV 379, 559, 587, 589n, 600 (see also presidential campaign and election [1800–1801] below), after Jefferson’s election, XXVI 13n, 188–89, 191–92, 195, 207–8; and cession of La. to France, XXVI 81n, 82n; charges of British faction among (1800), XXV 51, 107; and congressional elections (1799), XXIII 112n, 599n; and Convention of 1800, XXV 270, 272, 307; and election for N.Y. Assembly and Senate (1803), XXVI 112, 113–15; and election of 1789, V 228, 231, 235–37, 246n, 251; and election of 1804, XXVI 80–81n; and election of U.S. Senator from N.Y., (1789) V 362, (1791) VII 444n; and election of U.S. Senator from Pa. (1799), XXIV 23; Hamilton on, during Jefferson’s administration, XXV 562–63, 605–10, XXVI 12–16, 57, 113–15, 187–90; Hamilton on situation of (1800), XXIV 168–69; and Hamilton’s policies on public debt, XII 258, XVIII 48–51, 55; and Jay Treaty, XVIII 493n; James Madison on, at Va. Ratifying Convention, V 61; and Mass. congressional elections (1802), XXVI 72n; and Merchants’ Bank, XXVI 203–7; and New England Illuminati, XXV 20–24; and N.Y. congressional elections (1802), XXV 610–11, XXVI 58n; and N.Y. gubernatorial election, (1789) V 253–54, 255, 255–61, 262–68, 268–74, 275–76, 277–82, 286–99, 307–8, 310–15, 315–16, 317–29, 329–31, 333–34, 335, 339–40, 345, (1792) XI 1–2, 38n, 111n, 158n, (1801) XXV 123, 340–41, 341–42n, 348, 349–71, 373, 375–78, 378–79, 379–81n, 382, (1804) XXVI 187–90, 194, 195, 205–8, 243–45; and N.Y. Ratifying Convention, IV 646n, 648n, V 3, 12, 125, 156n; and patronage (1790), XXVI 524n; and plans for secession of New England (1804), XXVI 310n; and presidential campaign and election (1800–1801), XXIV 270, 444–53, 464–66, 467–68, 470, 474–75, 483–86n, 507–10, 574–85, 591–92, 595–97, XXV 1–2, 4, 15–16, 30–38, 56–58, 60, 62, 63–64, 69–71, 74–75, 76–77, 77–79, 82, 86–88, 93–95, 97, 98–100, 105–7, 112–15, 122, 122–23, 144–45, 149, 158n, 171–74, 184–86, 228, 233–34, 237, 238, 242, 247–49, 253, 254, 257–58, 259–60, 262, 263, 267–68, 269–70, 271, 271–73, 275–77, 280–81, 282–83, 283–85, 286–88, 290–91, 292–93, 293–95, 299–301, 303–4, 308–9, 310–13, 313–14, 314–15, 319–24, 328, 329–30, 331, 340–41, 344–45, 608; and presidential election, (1796) XXV 170, 193–97, in N.Y. (1800), XXV 30; and press, XXVI 139–40; and public printing in New York City, V 341; Edmund Randolph on, XVI 263n; and ratification of Constitution in R.I., VI 264; reaction to Hamilton’s Letter on John Adams, XXV 178–80, 185; relations with George Clinton, VII 615; and repeal of Judiciary Act, XXV 520–21n, 562; Republican attacks on, XXVI 102–3, 201; riot with Antifederalists in Albany, V 148; Theodore Sedgwick on, during Jeffersons’ administration, XXVI 79–80; use of “Walker Affair” in Jefferson’s administration, XXVI 142n; in Vt., V 161–62
Federal republic: George Clinton on, in N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 64; Hamilton on, in N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 52
“Federal Republican”: campaign pamphlet by Hamilton (1796), XX 439–42
Federations (past and present): Hamilton on nature of, (1781) II 403–4, 651–52, 654–57, 660, 671, at Constitutional Convention, IV 195–98, in The Federalist, IV 336–39, 367, 377–84, 384–90, 390–95
Felice, Fortuné Barthélemy de: Code de Humanité …, IV 379n, 381n, 392n
Feliechy (Feliechj), Philip: recommended as U.S. consul to Leghorn, VIII 4
Fellows, Edward: captain of British warship, XXIV 426n
Fenley, John: and N.Y. revenue cutter, XII 117, 167
Fenner, Arthur: governor of R.I., VI 459, VII 74, VIII 3–4, 332, 529, IX 157n, XIV 217, XIX 205, XXVI 552; and embargo (1794), XVI 247, 256–57, 311, 376, 409–11; Hamilton’s conversation with (1800), XXIV 449, 576, 585, 595–97; and impressment of American seamen, XVI 404–5n; and presidential election (1800), XXV 1, 31, 57, 79; and privateers, XVII 111–13. See also “Treasury Department circulars to the governors of the states” and “War Department circular to the governors of the states”
Fenner, Robert: agent for N.C. line (American Revolution), pay, XIII 128, XV 578, XVII 540
Fennimore, Thomas: U.S. lawsuit against, XV 579, XVII 541
Fenno, John: account with Hamilton, III 58, V 342n, VII 452, IX 366; editor, Gazette of the United States, Gazette of the United States, and Philadelphia Daily Advertiser, XII 107, 123, 157, 188, 193, 510, 633, 634n, XIII 159, XIV 339, XV 393–94, XIX 486, 496, XX 171, 227, 558, XXI 396, XXII 451n, XXIII 224n, 490n, XXV 385n; dispute with Philip Freneau, XII 124–25n; needs money to continue newspaper, XV 395–96, 418; and “Reynolds Affair,” XXI 133, 149–50, 153–54, 157n, 167–68, 189, 215; Treasury Department printing, pay for, XIII 106, 142, XV 579 XVII 542
Fenno, John Ward: and dismissal of James McHenry as Secretary of War, XXIV 558; succeeds father as editor of Gazette of the United States, and Philadelphia Daily Advertiser, XXIII 224n, 490n
Fenwick, James: U.S. consul at Bordeaux, XIV 291, XV 401, XVI 55n
Ferdinand II (king of Spain): and exploration of South America, III 715, 716
Ferdinand V (king of Arágon), IV 314n
Ferdon, Thomas: New York City notary, XXIII 63n
Ferey, Baptiste André: capt., French privateer, XIV 425–27
Fergus, John: Army (Quasi-War), XXIII 77, 640, 642, XXIV 634, 643
Ferguson, —— (Mr.): comment on Additional Army candidate (Md.), XXII 294
Ferguson, E. James: The Power of the Purse, VI 57n, 58n, 60n, 64n, VII 241n, 245n, VIII 8–9n, 509n, 512–13n, XI 469n, XIX 13n, 16n; “State Assumption of the Federal Debt During the Confederation,” IX 563n
Ferguson, Hugh: report on petition of, XVI 72–73
Ferguson, Patrick: British officer killed in American Revolution and inventor of rifle, II 491, XXII 245
Ferguson, William (Md.): Baltimore merchant, and customs regulations, XV 679–80n
Ferguson, William (Pa.): Regular Army (1791), and illegal Army contractors, XXVI 626
Fermier, Joseph Marie Ann: French shipmaster accused of theft, V 6
Fermoy, see La Rochefermoy
Ferrall, Patrick: clerk for commissioners to adjust accounts of the several states, XVI 43, pay, V 405, XIII 42, 566
Ferrers, John: N.Y. merchant, seeks Government employment, XXI 329
Ferret: proposed name for N.H. revenue cutter, IX 105, 195
Ferrie, John: and claim of Nathanael Greene, X 416–17, 444, 446, 463, 466
Ferris, Alancon: Additional Army candidate (Vt.), XXII 117
Ferruh, Ismail, Effendi: Ottoman ambassador to London, XXII 501n
Feudal system: Hamilton on, in The Farmer Refuted, I 108, in The Federalist, IV 373, 385, at N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 101, 108, 111
Fevot, Lewis: Swiss notary, XXVI 61
Few, William (Ga.): U.S. Senator (Ga.), pay, XIII 58, 59, 60, 61, XV 505, XVII 504
Few, William (N.Y.): member, N.Y. Assembly, XXVI 116n
Fiddle (American schooner): outfitted as French privateer, XVI 447n
Fidenae (Castel Giubileo), Italy, I 395
Fiefs, see Feudal system
Field, Elihu: Additional Army candidate (Vt.), XXII 117
Field, Jacob: pay for subsistence for prisoners of British, XIII 93
Field, John: and Hamilton’s law practice, XXI 311–12
Field, Rodman: and Hamilton’s law practice, III 29
Fielding, Henry: The Tragedy of Tragedies …, XX 547, 548n
Fields, Richard: pay for carrying messages to Cherokees, XIII 144, 562, XV 537
Filangieri, Gaetano: An Analysis of the science of Legislation, XIV 87, 88n
Filson, John: The Discovery, Settlement And present state of Kentucke …, XX 12–13n
Fin, Daniel: Army (American Revolution), Hamilton’s battalion, XXVI 417
Finance, Department of: administration of, under Articles of Confederation, X 357–61; under Articles of Confederation, Robert Morris on, III 323–24, 356–61; Robert Morris’s resignation as Superintendent of, III 284n, 342–43
Finance, Superintendent of, see Morris, Robert (Pa.); assistant, see Morris, Gouverneur
Fincastle, Va.: and Quasi-War, XXIV 356
Finch, John Allen: Additional Army candidate (Vt.), XXII 117
Finch, Joseph: shipmaster, and customs regulations, VIII 543, IX 5, 95, 180, XI 20, 153
Findley, James: and excise opposition (1793), XVII 45, 186; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 183
Findley, William: member, House of Representatives (Pa.), XV 589n, criticizes Hamilton’s conduct of Treasury Department, XIV 199, excise opposition (1792), XII 540–41, 542n, XVII 35n, XXVI 838, and Hamilton’s “Report on the Bank,” VII 240, 247, 249, opposes Hamilton’s 1795 “Report on Public Credit,” XVIII 50, opposes Treasury Department bill, XI 367, and Pa. militia, XIII 301, pay as, XV 508, XVII 506, and “Reynolds Affair,” XXI 163, and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 319–31n, 344, 347n, History of …, XVII 25n, 27–28n, 30n, 35n, 45n, 50n, 51n, 316n, 343n, 351n; U.S. Constitution, opposition to, VI 12
Finlay, Hugh: deputy postmaster, Canada, XIII 450
Finlay, William, see Findley, William
Finley (Findey), George: comment on Additional Army candidate (Md.), XXII 289
Finley, James (Rev.): friend of Hugh Knox, III 574
Finley, John: clerk in register’s office, Treasury Department, duties and pay, XI 391, XIII 466
Finley, John: second mate, N.Y. revenue cutter, XV 118
Finney, Walter: excise opposition (1792), XII 594
Finnie, William: report on petition of, VI 360–62
Firearms: and arsenals, X 202, 317; bounty on, X 122; duty on, proposed, X 45, 122, 201–2, 317, XXVI 645; Government purchase of, X 202, 317; manufacture of, X 44–45, 106, 169, 201–2, 283, 317; and national defense, X 202, 317
Fire engines: manufacture of, in Providence, R.I., IX 446
First of June, Battle of, see Glorious First of June
“First Report on the Further Provision Necessary for Establishing Public Credit” (December 13, 1790), VII 210–236, 256, 305, VIII 156, XI 77n, XXVI 594, 595n; introductory note to, VII 210
Fischer, David Hackett: “The Myth of the Essex Junto,” XXIV 575n, 577n; The Revolution of American Conservatism, XXV 563n
Fish: bounty on, XVI 501, drawback on, VII 24, 26–27, duty on, XV 388, export of, VII 24, 26–27, export to France, VII 408, and Jay Treaty, XVI 326n, and manufacturing, X 179; dried and pickled, VI 509, allowance on, XII 285, 286n, bounty on, VI 490, 499, 507–8, XI 49, XIII 37, 39, bounty proposed, X 108, 185, 299, British regulation of, XIII 418, 418–19n, 428, 433, drawback on, V 475n, 580, VI 375, 489–90, 507, drawback proposed, XXVI 518, 550, 576, duty on, V 580, VI 374–75, 489–90, 499, 507–8, exports of, VI 375, 507–8, VIII 434–35, exports to French West Indies, X 349, 351n, 393, French duty on, X 349, 351n, 392–93, French regulation of, XIII 411–12, 412–13n, 413, 418–22, 429, 433–34, from Nova Scotia, VI 489, 507, report on, X 504–5, smuggling of, VI 499, 507–8; oil, British regulation of, XIII 418, 418–19n, 429, 434, export to France, VII 408, French duty on, X 58, 59n, French regulation of, XIII 413, 418–22, 429, 434; salted, bounty on, XX 484. See also Codfish
Fish, Nicholas: close friend of Hamilton, III 604, XVII 121, 238; Army (American Revolution), I 193, 414, 445, 485, II 588, 658, 666, 679–80, 684, XXII 438n; executor of Hamilton’s estate, XX 172, XXVI 285n, 305; and Hamilton’s abortive duel with James Nicholson, XVIII 471, 472, 490, 502–3n, 503–5; Hamilton’s debt to, XXVI 285; Hamilton’s land purchase with, XVIII 504–5, XXVI 97–98, 283; and Francisco de Miranda, III 587; possible candidate as collector of customs at New York City, XXI 54, XXVI 751–52; purchases for Hamilton, III 68–69; and Quasi-War, XXIII 294–95, 611, XXIV 126n, 218n; supervisor of the revenue (N.Y.), XIV 269, XVI 538, 581, XVII 297, 470, pay, XVIII 167 (see also “Treasury Department circulars to the supervisors of the revenue”)
Fishbourne, Benjamin: Army (American Revolution), II 150
Fisher, Daniel: Additional Army candidate (N.H.), XXII 114
Fisher, George: Army contractor (American Revolution), II 528, 638; N.Y. Assembly report on petition of, IV 38
Fisher, Hendrick: service on Ga. revenue cutter, VII 65, VIII 349–50
Fisher, Henry: claim of, XIII 191
Fisher, James C.: Philadelphia merchant, and customs regulations, VI 249–50, 515
Fisher, John: memorial of, for payment of bills of credit, XVIII 216n
Fisher, Joshua: Philadelphia merchant and Tory, III 502
Fisher, Joshua, and Sons: Philadelphia mercantile firm, III 502n
Fisher, Margaret (Mrs. Henry): report on petition of, XIII 190–91
Fisher, Martin: pay for customs supplies, XVII 543
Fisher, Miers: Philadelphia merchant in partnership with Samuel Fisher, as attorney for a warrant, XVII 541; and Hamilton’s law practice, XVIII 306, XXIII 210, XXV 62, XXVI 710, 711n
Fisher, Samuel: Philadelphia merchant in partnership with Miers Fisher, and Hamilton’s law practice, XXIII 210, 211n, XVIII 306, XXV 62, XXVI 710, 711n
Fisher, Samuel W.: Philadelphia merchant, and customs regulations, VI 249, 515; petition for release of Army prisoner, XXIV 655
Fisher, Thomas: Quaker and Tory, III 502
Fisher, William: Additional Army candidate (N.H.), XXII 110
Fisheries, III 371, 468, VIII 434; encouragement of, VI 375; of France, VIII 249, X 59, 348–51; of Great Britain, X 58n; Great Britain, and use of premiums, X 204; Hamilton on, in Constitutional Convention, IV 184, in The Federalist, IV 343, in N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 144; Hamilton’s request for information on, VIII 224–26, 434; and Jay Treaty, XVI 326n; Jefferson’s report on, X 21, 40, 390n; in N.H., VIII 436; products of, XXVI 641; and protective duties, XXVI 638; and salt, XI 146; and salt tax, V 87; and shipbuilding, VIII 248–49; and Treaty of Paris (1783), III 303, 370, 381, 416, 490, 491, 492, XXV 189; U.S., advantages of, X 349–50, and British policy, X 58, 59, and French policy, X 59, lack of market, X 179, 292, and manufacturing, X 16, 21, 30, 39–40, 179, 292, XXVI 631, 633, 641, and sailcloth, X 17, 35, XXVI 637. See also Codfisheries and Whale fisheries
Fishing: for cod, from Conn. IX 329
Fishing Creek, S.C.: and American Revolution, II 387n
Fishing vessels: bounties to, XV 247, 443, 444n, 581, 592, XVII 395, 396–97, 400, 442, 444, 448, XXVI 717, Hamilton’s instructions on, to collectors of customs, XV 452, 545; and embargo, XVI 199, 229, 336; in Mass., VIII 248; and smuggling, VI 392–93; tonnage on, VIII 479, report on, IX 538, statement on requested by Senate, XVI 11; and tonnage duties, VI 30–31, 378–80, 561–62; voyages of, in European trade, V 469
Fishkill, N.Y., III 198, 348, 350n, V 342n, VII 446; and American Revolution, I 208n, 265n, 273, 349n, 358, 361, 364, 412, 534, 535, 555, II 61, 146–47, 156–57, 159n, 161, 198n, 266, 351n, 433, 440n, 444n, 528n, 557, 558n, 582n, 646, headquarters, I 557–60, 591–92, II 76
Fitch, —— (Mrs. Jonathan), XV 352, 361
Fitch, Ebenezer: president, Williams College, XXVI 78, 80n
Fitch, Eliphalet: and Hamilton’s law practice, XXV 269
Fitch, John: steamboat inventor, wishes Government grant, IV 490–91
Fitch, Jonathan: collector of customs, New Haven, Conn., XI 298, XII 386, XIV 92, accounts, XIII 36–37, 572, 575, 576, XV 352, 361, 396, 476–77, 480–81, 484–85, instructions to, XII 421 (see also “Treasury Department circulars to the collectors of the customs”), and navigational aids, V 441
Fitch, Joseph: and Hamilton’s law practice, XXV 269n
Fitch, Thomas: governor of Conn., XXVI 80n
Fitch, Thomas (grandson of Governor Thomas Fitch): introduction to Hamilton, XXVI 78–79
Fitzgerald, John: III 658n, V 466n, 472n, VIII 494, 516, XI 584; Army (American Revolution), I 513, 537; asked by Hamilton to forward a letter, III 375; and branch of Bank of the U.S. in Alexandria, Va., IX 515–16; collector of customs, Alexandria, Va., XVII 415, administration of office, enforcement of customs regulations, and instructions to, XIV 472n, 499, XV 154–56, 254, 403, XVI 236, XVII 324n (see also “Treasury Department circulars to the collectors of the customs”); Hamilton’s requests to, for information on distilleries, V 513, for information on foreign and domestic commerce, V 433, 491–92; illness, XVII 14
Fitzgerald, Judah: wishes to return to New York City (American Revolution), II 138, 139n
Fitzgerald, Thomas: comment on Additional Army candidate (Md.), XXII 305
Fitzhugh, Anne Randolph (Mrs. William), III 151
Fitzhugh, Elizabeth, see Grymes, Elizabeth Fitzhugh
Fitzhugh, Peregrine: and Jefferson’s opposition to John Adams’s policies, XXI 302–3n
Fitzhugh, William, III 70, 151n, VI 15n
Fitzpatrick, John C.: Calendar of the Correspondence of George Washington with the Officers, I 345n; ed., The Diaries of George Washington, V 485n, VI 486n, 488n, 489n, 495n, 495–96n, XVII 268n, 319–21n, 331–32n, 343n, XXII 233n, XXIII 485n, XXVI 413n, 511n; ed., The Writings of George Washington, I 195n, 196n, 253n, 283n, 295n, 331n, 338n, 341–42n, 342n, 343n, 348n, 414n, 421n, 422n, 422–23n, 498n, 503n, 506n, 529n, 594n, 601n, II 25n, 31n, 36n, 69n, 95n, 104n, 110n, 134n, 165n, 226n, 291n, 327n, 338n, 356n, 362n, 498n, 513n, 515n, 592–93n, 602n, 602–3n, 603n, III 93n, 234n, 263n, 282n, 288n, 308n, 309n, 316n, 317n, 325n, 331n, 337n, 347n, 353n, 366n, 399n, 463n, IV 34n, 309n, V 335n, 562n, VI 279n, VII 460n, VIII 42n, 187n, 450, IX 30n, 37n, 63n, 112n, 114n, 182n, 396n, 490–91n, X 13n, 307–8n, 310n, 331n, 489n, 564n, XI 42n, 46n, 50–51n, 112n, 227n, 435n, XII 148n, 391n, 488n, 515n, 560n, 561n, 565n, XIII 148n, XIV 239n, 339n, 522n, XV 117n, 280n, 318n, 428n, 432n, 458n, 667n, XVI 163n, 224n, 225n, 331n, 513n, XVII 10–11n, 21n, 61n, 103n, 104n, 139–40n, 395n, XVIII 48n, 59n, 102n, 271n, 351n, 438–39n, XIX 14–15n, 468n, 526n, XX 48n, 60–61n, 66n, 165n, 171n, 179n, 233n, 245n, 287n, 288n, 319n, XXI 471n, XXIII 465n, 528n, XXIV 69–70n, XXV 358n, XXVI 358n, 363n, 370n, 373–74n, 380n, 381–82n, 382n, 391n, 409n, 418n, 528–29n, 606n, 688n, 783n; and Hamilton’s “Opinion on the Constitutionality of an Act to Establish a Bank,” VIII 63
Fitzpatrick, Nicholas: and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 354n
Fitzpatrick, Richard: British Army (American Revolution), and negotiations for prisoner exchange, I 450, 451, 454–57, 458–60, 473, 474, 476–78; member of House of Commons, and release of Lafayette, XVIII 375n
Fitzpatrick, Thomas: pay for delivering S.C. electoral votes (1792), XIV 161, XVII 541
FitzSimons, Thomas: Philadelphia merchant, VI 276, 572, VII 23, XI 351n, 546, XIII 222n, 496, 563, XV 232, XVIII 39, 230, 455, 504n, 506; Bank of North America, director of, III 524n, 526, 626–27n, VI 349; and British trade restrictions, XVIII 15; and Church-Holker business dealings, XIV 533n, XVIII 301–2, 465, XIX 498, XXVI 710–11; delegate, Continental Congress (Pa.), III 210n, 213n, 224n, 234n, 237n, 245n, 251n, 264n, 299n, 343n, 361n, 363n, XIX 377n, XXVI 433–34n, and paying Army, III 323–25, on redeeming public debt, III 200n, V 561; on difficulties confronting Philadelphia collector of customs, V 520–21; and election of 1800, XXIV 449–50; and enforcement of customs regulations, VII 141; and Hamilton’s dispute with John F. Mercer, XIII 222; Hamilton’s law practice, XX 54, XXI 351n, XXIII 263, XXV 168–69n, 240, 250, 490; Hamilton writes to concerning Democratic-Republican Society, XVII 394; and house for Hamilton in Philadelphia, VII 5, 34–35; member, House of Representatives (Pa.), XVI 21n, 210n, XVII 407n, 460n, and John Holker’s claim, XI 531, opposition to Hamilton’s plan for reducing debt (1795), XVIII 55, pay, XIII 64, 67, 68, XV 508, XVII 506, and payment of public creditors, XI 61, and “Report on the Bank,” VII 146, 281–82n, and “Report on Public Credit,” VI 344n; member, mixed commission under Article 6 of Jay Treaty, XX 81n, 122n, XXII 65–66n; opinion on Jay Treaty, XVIII 465; petition for release of Army prisoner, XXIV 655; requests passport for vessel, XVI 235n, 243, XVIII 15, 178
Fium, see Faiyum
Five Nations: and exploration of North America, III 707; U.S. relations with, VIII 218, 269, 545, XI 372–78, 446, 447–48n, XIII 568, XV 524. See also Six Nations
Flagg, John: mate, N.H. revenue cutter, VII 105, IX 297, 299n, X 512
Flagg, Samuel, Jr.: Additional Army candidate (N.H.), XXII 319, 338; Army (Quasi-War), XXIII 376, 562, 563, XXIV 8, 58, 59, 329, 355, 398, 431
Flanagan, John: excise opposition (1791), XVII 29n; Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 374
Flanders: commerce and manufacturing in, I 378, 381; compared to Pa., IV 355; and wars of French Revolution, XVIII 21n, XIX 124n, XXI 406n
Flannel: manufacture of, X 171, 284, in Conn., IX 333
Flaviner, Eliza: and “Reynolds Affair,” XXI 141
Flax: bounty on, proposed, X 212–13; duty on, proposed, X 46, 212–13, XXVI 646; and manufactures, X 25, 46, 104, 170, 171, 212–15, 283, 325–27; premiums on, X 212–13; production of, X 100, 182, 294, XI 329, in Conn. IX 333, encouragement for, X 19, in N.H., VIII 436, in Va., IX 275, 276; and sailcloth, IX 162; spinning machine for, VIII 588n, and George Parkinson, X 346–47n
Flax mill, X 345, 346–47n
Flaxseed: British regulation of, XIII 426, 430, 435; French regulation of, XIII 426, 430, 435; oil, duty on proposed, X 225, XXVI 632, 638
Flax thread: British spinning machinery for, XXVI 828
Fleecy Hosiery Manufactory, Philadelphia, XVI 22n
Fleming (Flemming), George: military storekeeper, West Point, XXIII 631, 682, XXIV 654; War Department contractor for defense of New York City, XXI 492n, 518n, XXII 59n, 211n, 513–14, XXVI 864, pay, XXIII 14n
Fleming, Sampson: and Bank of North America, III 643–44, 645–46
Fleming, William: delivers letter to Rufus King, XXI 103
Flemington, N.J., III 699n, IX 379n; in American Revolution, headquarters, I 293
Flemming, William: shipmaster, and customs regulations, VII 142–43
Fletcher, —— (Mr.), XXIV 362
Fletcher, Mildred Stahl: “Louisiana as a Factor in French Diplomacy From 1763 to 1800,” XXVI 83n
Fletcher, Patrick: commander, U.S.S. George Washington, XXII 209n
Fletcher, Robert: excise opposition (1792), XII 367–68n
Fletcher v Peck, XIX 311n
Fleurieu, Charles-Pierre Claret: and French peace negotiations with U.S. (1800), XXV 128n, 406
Fleurus, Battle of, XVII 99n, XIX 123n
Fleury, François Louis Teissèdre (Teisseydre), marquis de: Army (American Revolution), I 342, 345, 346, 351, II 32, 38, 110–11, 112, 113, 116, 132–33, 183, 190–91, 325, 419, 423, 481–82, 586–87, XXVI 391, payment for services, III 472, VI 542, XX 201–3, 314–15, 324, XXI 332–33n, XXIV 297–98, 381; Hamilton’s friendship with, III 128, 575; and Francisco de Miranda and South America, III 587; suicide of, XXIV 381
Fleury, Latour Longnevoué, marquise de: and husband’s pay for American Revolution service, XXIV 297–98, 381, XXV 127–28, XXVI 869
Flick, Alexander G.: ed., History of the State of New York, XXI 211n
Flint, Royal, VII 435, X 397–98; assistant commissary of purchases (American Revolution), I 590, II 232, 233, 254; bill of exchange of, XXVI 539; Continental commissioner to settle accounts (Mass.), XI 57n, XVI 95n; and Catharine Greene, VI 542, XI 571, XIII 103, XIV 462, XV 318–19, 323–24, 335, 421–22, XXVI 713; and Hamilton’s dispute with Andrew G. Fraunces, XIV 462, 463, XV 220–21, 317, 587n; payment as Army contractor and for other services to U.S. Government, V 408, VI 253n, 463, XIII 42, 43, 51, 86, 101; speculator associated with Holker, Parker, Cragie, Duer, Wadsworth, and others, V 250, IX 544, 545, XVI 595, XXI 117n, XXVI 654n, 659, 671–72; Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures, director of, XI 247, 356, XXVI 658n
Flint River, Southwest Territory, XXIII 419
Flora (Nova Scotia schooner): seized by French privateer, XV 275n, 652, XVI 481
Florence, Italy, I 387
Florida (brig): and customs regulations, XVI 500
Floridablanca, José de Moñino y Redono, conde de: and U.S.-Spanish negotiations, XI 214n, XIV 438–39
Floridas, The, I 60–62, XIX 429, XXIV 234n; acquisition of, by Spain (1783), III 303, 360; and American Revolution, II 177–79, 484n, 499, 500n, VII 18n; description of, XXVI 174; discovery and settlement of, III 704, 708, 713, 716; Edward Charles Genet’s plans to attack, XV 625n, XXII 260n; Spanish ownership of, XXVI 3, 4, 6, 132; U.S. attempts to purchase, XXVI 4; and U.S. relations with European nations, XI 70, XV 675, XVIII 457, XXI 214n, 345, 375n, 471, XXII 20, 244, 441, XXIII 227, 303, XXVI 83; and U.S. relations with Spain, VII 46, 48, 49, XIX 469, XXVI 83. See also East Florida and West Florida
Flour: British seizure of, XVIII 325n, 442n; export of, XVIII 465; French imports of, X 393; Government inspection of, X 40, 193–94, 208, 211, 309, 322, XXVI 642; manufacture of, X 172, 208, 285, 322; and payment of foreign loans, XVIII 325n; restrictions on, British, XIII 414–16, 423, 428, 432, France, X 58–59n, 393, 497n, XIII 414–16, 428, 432, Spanish and Portuguese, X 60
Flower, Samuel: Army (American Revolution), II 95n
Floyd, David Richard: and Hamilton’s law practice, III 31
Floyd, Richard, III 31n
Floyd, William: business dealings with John B. Church, III 11, 618–19; candidate, N.Y. Senate, IV 493; delegate, Continental Congress (N.Y.), III 117, 118, 200, 208–9, 229–30, 241n, 258, 260n, 275–76, 280–81, 290, 294, 303, 311–13, 321, 328, 338–39, 356n, 435–36, 458, 465n, 468–69, XXVI 447; member, House of Representatives (N.Y.), IV 89–91, pay, XIII 64, 66, 68; member, N.Y. Senate, III 109n; signer, Declaration of Independence, XXVI 447
Flushing, N.Y.: and election of 1789, V 261
Fluvanna County, Va.: excise survey, IX 428
Fly (H.M.S.), XXV 411
Fly (schooner): and customs regulations, VII 373, VIII 16, 297, XXVI 585
Flying Camp: and American Revolution, I 215n, XXII 294n
Flying Fish (French privateer), XX 221n, 232n, 323n
Flying Fish (sloop): and customs regulations, XIV 293–94
Foard, see Ford
Folchy Juan, Vincente: Spanish commandant at Pensacola, XXVI 173, 174n
Foley (Folly), Landing, Va.: collector of customs at, see Gibb, William, accounts, XI 237; port of entry, customs accounts, XIII 38–39, 572, 577, XV 478–79, 482–83, 486–87
Follett, Joseph: and transfer of certificates, XV 322
Folsom, Nathaniel: delegate, Continental Congress (N.H.), I 415n, 434n
Foltz, John: and Hamilton’s law practice, V 242
Folwell, Richard: and “Reynolds Affair,” XXI 141n, 188–92, 209, 262n, 285; Short History of the Yellow Fever …, XXI 188n
Foncin, John: French engineer, seeks Government employment, XXVI 168–69
Fonda, Jellis: member, N.Y. Senate, and election of 1791, VII 446
Fonda, Lawrence: report on the petition of, XVI 73–74
Fondey (Fonda), Dowe (Douw) J.: Additional Army candidate (N.Y.), XXII 105, 107, 602, 606; Army (Quasi-War), XXIII 141, 210n, 524–25n, 643, 644, XXIV 624, 632, 658, 662, 664
Foner, Philip S.: ed., The Complete Writings of Thomas Paine, XXI 6n
Fonspertuis (Fonspertius, Fontpertius, Fonpertuir), Antoine-Louis: French consul at Charleston, S.C., XV 683n
Fontaine, Carter: Army (Quasi-War), cavalry, XXIII 111
Fontainebleau, Treaty of (1762), XXVI 132n
Fontainbleau, Treaty of (1785), see Versailles, Treaty of (1785)
Fontanges, François, vicomte de: Army (American Revolution), II 194, XXVI 374
Fontevieux, Jean-Georges, chevalier de: Army (American Revolution), II 681, payment for services, VI 542
Foorhest, John: pay for subsistence for prisoners of British, XIII 91
Foot, Ebenezer: quartermaster’s dept. (American Revolution), II 444
Foot, John: Additional Army candidate (Conn.), XXII 271
Foot, Moses: trustee of Hamilton-Oneida Academy, XIX 146
Foote, Justin, VII 60
Footman, Peter: clerk, revenue office, Treasury Department, pay, XIII 448, 464
Forbes, Eli: Additional Army candidate (Mass.), XXII 318, 334, 338; Army (Quasi-War), XXIII 257, 462, XXIV 106
Forbes, James (Md.): third Lt., Md. revenue cutter, IX 508, X 386–87, XIII 27, 212, XIV 479, XV 660
Forbes, James (Pa.): Additional Army candidate (Pa.), XXII 137
Forbes, John: London merchant, introduction to Hamilton, XXVI 173; and Francisco de Miranda’s plans for conquest of South America, XXI 5n, XXII 208n
Ford, David: condemns critics of Government, XXI 410–11; recommended as Director of Mint, XIX 298
Ford, Emily Ellsworth: comp., Notes on the Life of Noah Webster, XXV 179n
Ford (Foard), Levi George: Additional Army candidate (Del.), XXII 284, 307, 308, 310
Ford, Mahlon: Army (Quasi-War), XXII 611, XXIII 75, 611, 617, 622, 668, XXIV 389, 404n, and Fries’s Rebellion, XXII 541, 550–51, 552, 554, 558, 575, XXIII 110n, 119, 153
Ford, Matthew: member, N.Y. Assembly, III 609, 611
Ford, Paul L.: “The Authorship of the Federalist,” IV 299n, 370n; Biblioteca Hamiltoniana …, XIII 393n, XXV 450n; Essays on the Constitution of the United States, IV 278–79n, 335n, 583n; ed., The Journals of Hugh Gaine Printer, XXVI 425n; ed., The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, VII 394–95n, X 350–51n, 402n, XI 68–69n, 319n, 455n, 560n, 582n, XII 2–3n, 129n, 130n, XIII 16n, 148n, 408–10n, 410n, 433n, 436n, 539n, 541n, XIV 23n, 141–42n, 143–44n, 170n, 182–83n, 327n, 328–29n, 412–14n, 415n, 423n, 428n, 437n, 451n, XV 5n, 10n, 30n, 71–72n, 72–73n, 74n, 113n, 139–40n, 157–58n, 161n, 164n, 170n, 237n, 238n, 325n, 382n, 426n, 427n, 428n, 667n, XVI 137n, XXI 302–3n, 387n, XXII 454n, XXV 453n
Ford, Peter: comment on Additional Army candidate (Md.), XXII 294
Ford, Philip, Jr.: comment on Additional Army candidate (Md.), XXII 294
Ford, Worthington C.: “British and American Prisoners of War, 1778,” II 13n; “Alexander Hamilton’s Notes in the Federal Convention of 1787,” IV 161n; “Letters of William Vans Murray,” XXV 147n, 407n; “Some Papers of Aaron Burr,” XXVI 470n
Forde, Standish: Philadelphia merchant, XVI 75, 76n, 288
Foreign Affairs, Department of, see Congress (under Articles of Confederation)
Foreign debt, see Public credit and public debt
Foreign loans, see Loans to U.S. (foreign)
Foreign ministers: rules for presidential reception of, V 336
Foreign nations: Hamilton on, in N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 121; U.S., relations with, Hamilton on in The Federalist, IV 366, 422–23, 425–26, 449, 561–62, 628–30, 667–68, 696–97
Foreign officers, see American Revolution, Army, and Congress (under Articles of Confederation) and Public creditors
Foreign wine, see wine
Foreman, Aaron (Dr.): Additional Army candidate (N.J.), XXII 130
Foreman, Denise: Additional Army candidate (N.J.), XXII 127, 131
Foreman (Forman), Joseph: Additional Army candidate (Md.), XXII 288, 309
Forest, see DeForest
Forest (Furnace) of Dean, Orange County, N.Y.: and American Revolution, II 72, 78
Forfeiture: laws of, Hamilton on in “Opinion on the Constitutionality of an Act to Establish a Bank,” VIII 77–78, 107–8, 109; revenue from, and congressional investigation of Hamilton, XVI 107n, and customs regulations, VIII 252, 295, 313, 333, 353, IX 111, 402, 403–4, 525–26, X 366, XI 82–84. See also Congress of the U.S., acts of: “An Act to provide for mitigating or remitting the forfeitures and penalties accruing under the revenue laws, in certain cases therein mentioned” (May 26, 1790) and “An Act to provide more effectually for the collection of the duties imposed by law on goods, wares and merchandise imported into the United States, and on the tonnage of ships or vessels” (August 4, 1790) and “An Act to regulate the Collection of the Duties imposed by law on the tonnage of ships or vessels, and on goods, wares and merchandises imported into the United States” (July 31, 1789) and “An Act repealing, after the last day of June next, the duties heretofore laid upon Distilled Spirits imported from abroad, and laying others in their stead; and also upon Spirits distilled within the United States, and for appropriating the same” (March 3, 1791)
Forgers and forgery, XII 122; of letters to discredit Hamilton, XX 115–19, 149; prevention of, XXVI 558–59. See also Counterfeits, counterfeiters, and counterfeiting
Fork Fort, Canada, XVII 364n
Forman, see also Foreman
Forman, David: Army (American Revolution), I 343, 444, II 355, 432n; judge, Court of Common Pleas, Monmouth, N.J., and Hamilton’s law practice, III 691, 696, IV 346; proposed as Secretary of War, XIX 439
Forman, Ezekiel: clerk, revenue office, Treasury Department, XIII 448, XXVI 706, 845, pay, XIII 464; and Hamilton’s law practice, III 570, 575, 578, 583, 612, 617, 647, 655, IV 277, V 203, 206, 237–38
Forman, Jonathan: Additional Army candidate (N.Y.), XXIV 634
“Formation and Disposition of a Regiment of Infantry,” XXIV 140–42
Forrest, Earl R.: History of Washington County, Pennsylvania, XVII 352n
Forrest, Michael: clerk, auditor’s office, Treasury Department, pay, XIII 465
Forrest, Richard, XIX 298–99n
Forrest, Thomas: Army (American Revolution), II 47, 568; as public creditor, VIII 327, 392–93
Forrest, Uriah: career, XXII 299n; comments on Additional Army candidates (Md.), XXII 299, 300, 301, 303, 304, 305, 309; and Hamilton’s dispute with John F. Mercer, XIII 23–24; member, House of Representatives (Md.), XIV 286, XVI 210n; proposed as Secretary of War, XIX 440; and Whiskey insurgents in Md., XVII 249–50
Forrester, Benjamin: shipmaster, and customs regulations, XIII 160n
Forsyth, Fanny (Mrs. Robert): grant to, XVII 89
Forsyth, Robert (S.C.): Charleston attorney and former aide-de-camp to Nathanael Greene, and claim of Nathanael Greene, X 411n, 413n, 415, 416, 435–36, 441, 443, 444, 444–46, 447, 459–60, 462, 463, XIII 179n, XVIII 354n
Forsyth, Robert (Va. and Ga.): Hamilton’s certificate for, XXVI 404; U.S. marshal for District of Ga., death, XVII 89, pay, XIII 103, 562, 565, XV 504, 536, XVII 503
Forsyth, Robert, and Company, see Forsyth, Robert (S.C.)
Fort Adams (Castle William), Boston, Mass.: and Quasi-War, XXIII 120n, 167, 353, 355, 642
Fort Adams, Brentons Point, Newport, R.I., XXV 244; and Quasi-War, XXIV 160n, 161, 191, 585
Fort Adams (Loftus Heights), Miss. Territory, XXIII 7n, XXIV 602n, XXV 45n, 245n; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 385, 403, 406, 522, 596, XXIV 30, 176–77, 303, 304, 360. See also Loftus Heights
Fort Advance, Ga., XVI 601
Fort Amsterdam, New York City: and exploration of North America, III 714. See also Fort George, Manhattan, N.Y.
Fort Ann, N.Y.: and American Revolution, II 480
Fort Anne, see Fort George, Manhattan, N.Y.
Fort Bourbon, Martinique: French surrender of, to British, XVI 311n
Fort Chartres, Northwest Territory: description of, XI 24
Fort Cherokee, see Fort Massac
Fort Chipewyan, Canada, XVII 364n
Fort Clinton, N.Y.: and American Revolution I 442, 443, 554n
Fort Constitution, N.Y.: and American Revolution, I 207
Fort Cornwallis, Ga.: surrender of (American Revolution), XXVI 413n
Fort Cumberland, Md., XXVI 491; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 18, 136, 144, 201n, 215, 218, 226, 233–34, 235, 237, 261n, 285, 289, 293, 300, 310, 315, 368
Fort Dayton, see Fort Herkimer
Fort Dearborn, Northwest Territory, XXVI 868
Fort Defiance, Northwest Territory, XXII 517, 573
Fort Edward, N.Y.: and American Revolution, I 289, 290n, 300, 304, II 125, 481
Fort Erie, Canada: British post, XXIII 379–80
Fort Fayette (present-day Pittsburgh), Pa., XXIV 16n, 36, 89, 296; description of, XXIII 474–75; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 9n, 86n, 141n; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 378, 403, 405, 522
Fort Fidius, Ga., XXIII 75n
Fort Franklin, Northwest Territory, XV 598, XXII 455, XXIV 89; garrison at, XXVI 687, 688; return of, XI 352; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 86, 88n, 89
Fort Frontenac, Canada: and exploration of North America, III 707
Fort Gaddis, Pa., XII 309n
Fort George, Manhattan, N.Y.: and claim of New York City, IV 149
Fort George, Niagara, Ontario: British post, XXII 567–68n, 574, XXIII 5n, 183, 184n, XXIV 492, XXV 26n, 241n
Fort George, N.Y.: and American Revolution, I 299–300; British capture of, II 480–81
Fort Good, Canada, I 589
Fort Hamilton, Northwest Territory, XIII 383n, XXV 244, 245n; garrison at, XXVI 687; return of, XI 352n
Fort Harmar, Northwest Territory, VI 416, VIII 124n, XI 361–62; Indian treaties of, VI 485, 486n,, 523, X 373, 375n, XV 605, 606n; return of, XI 352n; supplies for, XIII 105; troops at (1790–1791), IX 473
“For the Evening Post”: article on cession of La., XXVI 82–85
“For the Gazette of the United States”: by “Detector,” Hamilton’s pseudonym, concerning XYZ affair, XXI 506–13
“For the Gazette of the United States”: Hamilton’s essay on U.S. neutrality in 1793, XIV 267–69
Fort Henry, Wheeling, W. Va., XV 598
Fort Herkimer (Harkemer), N.Y.: storekeeper at, pay (1789), V 390, pay (1790), VI 134
“For The Time Place”: Hamilton’s reply to assertion by William Keteltas that Hamilton was a monarchist, XXI 468
Fort Independence, Boston, Mass.: fortification of, XXVI 169n; and Quasi-War, XXIII 397, XXIV 93, 165
Fort Island, see Fort Mifflin
Fortitude (schooner): and customs regulations, IX 16, 108
Fort James, see Fort George, Manhattan, N.Y.
Fort Jay, Governors Island, New York City, XXII 520, 550, 559, XXIII 254n, 299n, 693, XXIV 237, 371, XXV 14n; construction of (1798), XXI 518n, XXII 60n, 498, XXIII 14n, 53; and Quasi-War, XXII 553, 554, 605, XXIII 120n, 165, 166n, 217, 276, XXIV 160n, 161
Fort Jefferson, Northwest Territory, XIII 383n; garrison at, XXVI 687, 688; return of, XI 352n
Fort Johnson (Johnston), S.C., XVI 447n, XXIII 253, XXIV 214
Fort Knox, Northwest Territory: commandant at, VII 345n, 612n; garrison at, XXVI 687, 688; return of, XI 352n; troops at (1790–1791), IX 473; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 378, 403, 406, 419
Fort Le Boeuf, Pa., XXIII 331, XXIV 89n; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 370–72
Fort Lee, N.J.: and American Revolution, II 423, XXV 603, 604n
Fort Lernoult (Lerault), Northwest Territory, XXII 569, XXIII 37n, 382
Fort McHenry, Md., XXIII 166, 579, XXIV 398, XXV 244, 245n
Fort McHenry, Miss. Territory, XXIII 373, XXIV 272, 303, 360, 604
Fort McIntosh, Pa., XV 26
Fort Mackinac (Michilimackinac), Northwest Territory: British-held post, XVIII 405n, XIX 168, 207n, XX 307n; description of, XXIII 92, 195–96; and Western Army, XXIII 4, 74, 209, 231, 271, 373, 381, 382, 388, 392, 418, 505, 567, XXIV 88, 287n, rations for, XXIII 269, 316, reduction of garrison, XXIII 127, 136, 219, 290, 516–17; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 389, 403, 405, 521
Fort Massac, Northwest Territory: description of, XV 297–98; strategic importance of, XVI 137, 140n, XIX 360n; and Western Army, XXII 455, XXIII 45, 46, 74, 91, 115n, 229n, 338, 350, 357, 373, 444, XXIV 14, 226n; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 381–82, 388, 389, 390, 403, 405–6, 520, 522, 596
Fort Mercer, N.J.: and American Revolution, I 339n, 342n
Fort Miami (Miamis), Northwest Territory: British-held post, XIX 165n, 168, XXIII 183, 379, U.S. possession of, XX 307n, XXIII 228
Fort Mifflin, Del. River, XVI 567, XVII 236n, XXI 367n, 537n; and American Revolution, I 312, 313, 339n, 340, 342, 343, 345, 346, 351, 365, XII 213n; construction at, XVI 539, 550, XVII 481; and embargo (1794), XVI 393n; and French privateers, XVII 255, 256n; and Quasi-War, XXII 379n, 540, 551, XXIII 64n, 67, 153, 166, 398, XXIV 113, 165
Fort Montgomery, N.Y.: and American Revolution, I 207, 253n, 298n, 442, 443, II 72, 79n, V 265–66, XXVI 23n
Fort Neidham, Canada, I 589
Fort Niagara, N.Y., XXV 241n; British-held post, VIII 544, XIV 11n, XVIII 405n, XIX 168, 207n, 208, transfer to U.S., XX 307n; British-owned, I 600; built and owned by France, III 707; conditions at, XXIII 216, 247; plan of, XXII 566, XXIV 653; repair of, XXIII 160, 183–84, 290, 307, XXIV 43; supplies for, XXIII 217, 269, 375, 552, XXIV 91, 568; and Western Army, XXII 455, 456, 506, 567–68, 569–70, 573, XXIII 5, 74, 181, 338, 346, 349, 357, 489, 521–22, 579, XXIV 17n, 19, 89, 187, 226n, 227, 297, 338, 352, 470, 570, XXV 26n, 151; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 380, 382, 388, 389, 403, 491
Fort Norfolk, Va.: U.S. purchase of land for, XVII 155n
Fort Oswegatchie, N.Y.: British-held post, XVII 405n, XIX 207n
Fort Oswego, N.Y., XXIV 91; British-held post, XVIII 405n, XIX 168, 207n, 208n, XX 307n; and Western Army, XXII 455, 456, 568n, 573, XXIII 218, 219, 291, 307, 338, 357, rations for, XXIII 269, 490, 635; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 379, 388
Fort Paulus Hook, N.J., XXVI 300–1
Fort Pickering, Chickasaw Bluffs, Tenn., XXV 244, 245n; troops at, XXIV 272n, 360; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 373, 385, 403, 406, 522
Fort Pickering, Salem, Mass., XXIV 93n; Hamilton’s inspection of, XXIV 583
Fort Pitt, Pa., I 340, II 30, 46n, V 407, VII 610, VIII 544, IX 210, 211n, 474, XI 26, 361, XVII 114, 376; and American Revolution, supply of, XI 270–71n; arsenal at, IX 469, XIII 133; and William Duer’s contract with War Department, VIII 247n, XI 350–52; return of, XI 352n; supplies for, XXVI 382n; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 54
Fort Pitt, Southwest Territory, III 360
Fort Pleasant, Va.: and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 136, 144, 233
Fort Putnam, N.Y.: and American Revolution, II 107
Fort Recovery, Northwest Territory, XXIII 233n
Fort Rensselaer, N.Y.: arsenal at, XIII 133; expenses of, IX 469
Forts: and defense against Indians, XXVI 438; and Benjamin Lincoln’s plan for a peacetime military establishment (1783), XXVI 438–40, 442
Fort St. Clair, Northwest Territory: garrison at, XXVI 687, 688
Fort St. James, see Fort George, Manhattan, N.Y.
Fort Saint Joseph, Canada: and settlement of North America, III 707
Fort Saint Stephens, Miss. Territory: construction of, XXIII 481n
Fort San Fernando de las Barrancas, Chickasaw Bluffs, Tenn.: Spanish establishment of, XV 293n
Fort Sargent, Miss. Territory: evacuation of, XXIV 303; troops at XXIII 373, XXIV 272n
Fort Schlosser, N.Y., XIV 316n, XXIII 380, 492n, XXIV 92n
Fort Schuyler, N.Y., XX 236, 252, XXIII 382; and American Revolution, I 291, 310–11, 312n, 575, II 326, 384, 570, Battle of, I 313, 320, 322n, 323; Lafayette to, for Indian Treaty, III 581n
Fort Stanwix, see Fort Schuyler
Fort Stanwix, Treaty of, XIX 135n
Fort Steuben, Northwest Territory: garrison at, XXVI 687; return of, XI 352n; whiskey for troops at, XV 26, 598
Fort Stoddert (Stoddard), Miss. Territory, XXIII 373, 392, 419, 595, XXIV 235, 269, 272n, 303; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 403, 406, 518, 522
Fort Ticonderoga, N.Y., XXVI 476n; and American Revolution, I 202, 203, 245, 246, 272, 290n, 483, 579n, II 481, British attack on, I 279, 281, 283n, 285n, 293, 295, 299–300, 305, 307, XXVI 362n, 383n, proposed U.S. attack on, I 347, 353–54, 362
Fortune, Luke: shipowner, and customs regulations, XXVI 537, 541–42
Fort Vincennes, Northwest Territory, XIII 104, 105, 137, 139, XV 295, XXVI 626
Fort Washington, Newport, R.I., XVI 298n
Fort Washington, Northwest Territory, VIII 562, XI 23n, 362, 363, XIX 360, XXIII 57, 230, XXIV 302, XXVI 626; Army contract for (1795), XVII 376; and campaign against Indians, IX 210, 211n, X 375n; garrison at (1799), XXII 455, 456; proposed Indian council at, XIV 11n; rations for, VI 563, XXVI 688; return of, XI 352n; and Symmes Purchase, VIII 360, 363n, 562, XIII 233, XVI 152; whiskey for, XV 26, 598, XVIII 28; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 378, 418
Fort Washington, N.Y.: and American Revolution, I 213, 241, 290, 438n, 573, II 274n, XXV 602–3, 604n; visit to, VI 489n
Fort Wayne, Ind.: Indian battle at, VII 345n
Fort Wayne, Northwest Territory, XXIII 232, 271; garrison at, XXII 455; reduction of troops at, XXIV 404, 411n, 414–15; James Wilkinson’s report on, XXIII 378, 388, 391, 403, 405, 418, 522
Fort William, see Fort George, Manhattan, N.Y.
Fort William and Mary, New Castle Island, N.H., V 435, VI 43, 48; captain of, see Clap, Supply; cession of, to U.S., VI 464, 508, VIII 514; commander of, see Salter, Titus; navigational signals at, IX 242
Fort William Hendrick, see Fort George, Manhattan, N.Y.
Fort William Henry, see Fort George, Manhattan, N.Y.
Fort Wolcott, Newport, R.I.: and Quasi-War, XXIII 167, 353, 355n, XXIV 89, 93, 160n, 161, 162, 427, 585
Forwood, Jacob: and excise opposition in Pa., XVII 183
Fosdick, Nathaniel: collector of customs at Portland and Falmouth, District of Me., VI 39, 183, accounts of, XIII 36–37, 575, 576, XV 476–77, 480–81, 484–85, administration of office, enforcement of customs regulations, and instructions to, VI 250–51, 251, 462–63, VII 380, XVIII 177 (see also “Treasury Department circulars to the collectors of the customs”), comment on Additional Army candidate (District of Me.), XXII 321, and lighthouse at Portland, VII 95, 156n
Fossombroni, Vittorio: Tuscan Foreign Minister, XX 490–91n
Foster, Abiel: member, House of Representatives (N.H.), comments on Additional Army candidates (N.H.), XXII 109, 110, 111, 112, pay, XIII 64, 65, 66, 68, and Quasi-War, XXIV 627, 644
Foster, Dwight: member, House of Representatives (Mass.), XV 681n, comments on Additional Army candidates (Mass.), XXII 316, 323, 330, 331, 333, 428, and Quasi-War, XXIII 559, 653, 663
Foster, Joseph: Boston merchant, and customs regulations, XII 218–19, 280–81, XV 390
Foster, Moses: Additional Army candidate (N.Y.), XXII 102, 105
Foster, Theodore: U.S. Senator (R.I.), VIII 158, 569, IX 12, XI 264, XVII 504, and election of 1800, XXV 31, and Hamilton’s defense of assumption of state debts, IX 153–57, pay, XIII 59, 60, 61, XV 505, XVII 504
Foster, William: Boston merchant, and customs regulations, XII 218–19, 280–81, XV 390
Fouché, Joseph: attack on Christianity (French Revolution), XXVI 741n
Foushee (Foushe), William (Dr.), XXIII 495n
Fowle, Ebenezer S.: Army (1788–1789), pay, XIII 297, 298
Fowle, Jacob: Additional Army candidate (Md.), XXII 301
Fowle (Fowles), Samuel: Additional Army candidate (Mass.), XXII 318, 330; Army (Quasi-War), XXIII 75
Fowle, Stephen H.: Additional Army candidate (Md.), XXII 301
Fowler, Abraham: Additional Army candidate (N.Y.), XXII 103
Fowler, John: member, House of Representatives (Ky.), XXII 258, comment on Additional Army candidate (Ky.), XXII 285
Fowler, Jonathan: and forfeiture of estate, IV 96
Fowler, Samuel: rejection of memorial of, XI 68
Fowler, Theodosius: speculator and Government contractor, as Additional Army candidate (N.Y.), XXII 89, 106, 165, XXIII 102, 140, 210n, 524n; Army contracts of, XVII 525, and business association with William Duer, VII 127–28n, VIII 246–47, XI 350–51, XII 288–89, 291, XIII 118n, XV 633n, XXVI 689–90, 693–94, 824, pay for, XIII 86; Hamilton’s bond and mortgage with, XXVI 38–39, 276, 285, 286, 860–61; and Hamilton’s dispute with John F. Mercer, XIII 220n, 222–23n, XIV 179, 345n; report on petition of, to N.Y. Assembly, IV 96
Fowler, Theodosius, and Company: Army contractor, pay, XIII 43; association with William Duer, V 365n
Fox, —— (Mr.): certificates issued by, VI 122
Fox, Charles James: and India bill, IV 611; member of Rockingham ministry, III 72n, 108n, 145–46n, joins opposition, III 559; opposition to Pitt ministry, leader of, VII 72, 84, 86n, XVI 610n, XVIII 375–76n
Fox, Dixon Ryan: The Decline of Aristocracy in the Politics of New York, XXVI 188n
Fox, Edward: comment on Additional Army candidate (Pa.), XXII 141; commissioner for settling accounts of hospital dept., XV 441, 442n, XVI 91, 92n; payment for interest on loan office certificates, XIII 100
Fox, George: Philadelphia attorney, agent for Gouverneur Morris, VIII 512, IX 204; comment on Additional Army candidate (Pa.), XXII 141
Fox, Joseph: deputy marshal, and excise opposition (1792), XII 305n, XVII 33–34, 67
Fox, Nathaniel, Jr.: and cloth manufacturing in Va., IX 282
Fox, Samuel: cashier, Bank of Pa., XV 393
Fox (schooner, Me.): and customs regulations, XVI 156n
Fox (schooner, R.I.): and customs regulations, XVII 170–71
Foxcroft, John: agent in New York City for British packets, V 396–97, IX 363–65
Foxhall, Manor of: annexed to Kingston, N.Y., IV 3
Fox of Washington (schooner): and customs regulations, XVI 286
Fox River, Northwest Territory, XXIII 392
France, I 369, II 31, 192, 663, III 71–72, 119, 575n, V 237, 472, 493, 494n, 531, VI 11, 42n, 222–23, 272, 311, 314, 316, 317, 320, 444, VII 15, 22, 82, 111n, 164, 195, 352, VIII 159, 221, 233, 579, IX 15, 433, XI 397, 554, XII 16, 446, XV 292n, 300–1, XVI 101n, 105n, 282n, 595n, XVII 155, 223n, XVIII 504, XX 155, 417, XXII 573n, XXIII 12, XXIV 264, 412, XXV 419–20n, 585n, XXVI 215–16, 346; abolition of slavery in colonies, XXV 414–15n; Pierre Auguste Adet’s appointment as Minister to U.S., XVIII 347n, 348, XIX 297n; and Algiers, XVI 520, 521n, 551–52, XIX 361n; and American Revolution, aid before 1778 and claim for payment, XX 355–61, fleet in, I 543, 563n, XXVII 15, foreign officers, payment to after war, XII 305, 360–73, XXVI 41n (see also Public creditors), Lafayette’s return (1780), I 605, naval war in Caribbean during, II 128, U.S. Envoy to, see Laurens, John; army of, organization and training as model for U.S. in Quasi-War, XXII 245, XXIII 53, 288–89, XXIV 67–68, 135n, 137n, 138n, 139n, 216–17, 258n, 340, 341–42n, 384–85, 429, 460, 473, 473–74n, 478–79, 513; arrêts and decrees, VIII 11–12, 13n, 60–61n, 173, 173–76, IX 104, 290, 292n, X 58n, 59, 89, 351n, 391–92, 497n, XI 326, XII 427–28n, 429, 433, XIII 4–5n, 171, 292, 402–3, 407n, 411n, 412–13n, 416, 419–20n, 421, 425n, 435–36, 443–44, XIV 44, 403, XV 59–60, 61, 173, 194–95, 315, 608n, 674n, XVI 431n, 476n, XVIII 380n, XIX 345, 442–43n, XX 192n, 479, 491, 492, 496–97, 519n, 551, 552n, 553, XXI 8–12, 101, 366, 368–69n, 371n, 394, 395, 404n, 405n, 422, 438, 511, 525, 525–26n, XXII 426n, XXV 134–35n, 414n, XXVI 101n, 177, 472n; Assembly of Notables, meeting of (1787), IV 142–44, 282–83; assignats, depreciation of, VIII 265, 325, 415–20, 423, 490, 535, 561, IX 2, 23, 66, 129, 141–42, 159–60, 315, 523–24, 553, X 8, 487–88, 568–69, XI 179, 181, 220, 397, 401–2, 484–86, 519–20, XII 103–4, 283, 290, 477–78, XIII 252–53, XIV 46n, 141, XVI 455n, and U.S. debts abroad, XVIII 321, 325–26; bankers of, at Amsterdam, VIII 557, IX 142, 479, 533–54, X 568, XII 443, 625 (see also Hogguer and Company); and boundaries of U.S., XXVI 3–5, 82n; and captured British officers, XVI 388–89n; chargé d’affaires at The Hague, see Caillard, Antoine Bernard; coins, coinage, and mint, VII 155, 387, 389–90, VIII 285, 439, 562, IX 103n, XI 555–56, XII 618n, XVI 439–40, 443, 504, 511, 516, 518, 519, 551, 597 (see also “Report on the Mint”); commerce of, (1782) III 77–78, (1790–91) VII 166n, 455, 499, with China, IX 29, 52–53, and merchant ships of, (1789) V 447, 452–53, 458, 466, 468, 469, 470, 471, 479, 481, 483, 484, 485, 489, 490, 491, 554, 555, 556, VI 22, 23, 27, (1790) VI 182–83, 447, 517; commerce with U.S., VII 166n, 356n, 408, 423–24, 425–26, VIII 11–12, 174n, X 5–7, 58–60, 363–64, 390–94, 496–97, XI 597–98, XIII 405–6, 416–18, XXIII 277n, XXVI 425–26, 471–72, Hamilton on (1793), XIII 411–36, proposed treaty on, IX 104, 290–92, X 350n, 374, 402n, XIX 297, 308, 428n, 527n, XXI 52, 67, XXV 162, 165, XXVI 529–30, summary of, XIII 402–11, suspension of, (1798) XXII 381 (see also Congress of the U.S.: acts of, “An Act to suspend the commercial intercourse between the United States and France …” [June 13, 1798]), (1799) XII 473–74, 533–34, 574 (see also Congress of the U.S.: acts of, “An Act further to suspend the Commercial Intercourse between the United States and France …” [February 9, 1799]), and U.S. customs regulations, XI 397, 484–86, 528–29, XIII 485–86; commercial policies of, X 58–59n, 348–50, 363–64, 374, 390–94, 496–97, 513 (see also arrêts and decrees [supra]), Hamilton on in “Report on Manufactures,” X 3–7, 58–60, 89, Jefferson on, X 58n, 350–51n, 402n, 515–16; commercial regulations of, XI 183–84, 499, 532, 557–58, 597–98, XV 174n, 603–4, 607–8 (see also arrêts and decrees [supra]), Hamilton on (1793), XIII 395–436; constitution (1791), accepted by king, IX 229; consuls and consular agents in U.S., see Arcambal, Louis, and Barbé-Marbois, François, marquis de, and Bournonville, Charles François, and Cherui, Paul Arnaud, and Ducher, Gaspard Joseph Amand, and Duplaine, Antoine Charbonnet, and Dupont de Nemours, Victor Marie, and Hauterive, Alexandre Maurice Blanc de Lanuette, comte de, and Holker, John, and La Forest, Antoine René Charles Mathurin de, and Létombe, Philippe Joseph, and Mangourit, Michel Ange Bernard de, and Moissonier, F., and Oster, Martin, and Otto, Louis Guillaume, and Pichon, Louis André, and Pennwert, John, and Rey, Antoine-Venance Gabriel, and Rozier, Jean Antoine Bernard, revocation of exequaturs of, XXI 526, XXV 140–41n; and contraband, (1797) XXI 9–10, 68, (1798) XXI 424–26; and death of Benjamin Franklin, VII 459–60; developments within, (1789) Hamilton on, V 425–26, (1791) IX 30, 229, 254–55, 390–91, and war in Europe, (1793) XV 44–45, 366, (1794) XVI 270n, 331n, 555, 557n, 605, Hamilton on, XVI 12–19, 131–32, 229, 346–48, (1799) XXIII 19–24n, 177–78, 193, 203, 225–26, 265–66, (1800) XXIV 226, 227n, XXV 80, 80–81n, 146–47, 332–36, 406–7, 442–43, 598, Hamilton on, XXV 353–57, 508, (1802) XXVI 3–7, 27, 28–29; director of Royal Treasury, see Dufresne, Bertrand; and discovery and settlement of N.C. and S.C., III 704–16; doctors from, at Hamilton’s death, XXVI 346; duties on imports, VIII 11, 13n, 60–61n, 160, 160–61n, 173–75n; and embargo, at Bordeaux, XVI 55, on England, Russian, and Dutch vessels (1793), XIV 291; émigrés, IX 254, XV 358–59, XVI 57–58, 380n, 386–87, 475–76, 564n, 610n, XVII 240, 251–52, XVIII 289n, XIX 429, XX 70n, 516n, XXI 324n, XXII 21, 185n, 314n, 524n, XXIII 236n, XXIV 236, 228–29, 327–28, 460n, 477n, XXV 17–18, 51n, 334n, 407n, XXVI 422n, 664n, 735n, U.S. aid to, XV 600–2; John S. Eustace’s adventures in, XXIII 19–24n; and expedition in Southwest, XI 23n, XV 625n, XVI 137–40n; and factionalism in U.S. (1797–1798), see Faction and factions: France, in U.S.; Family Compact with Spain, VII 111, 112n; Fauchet’s Dispatch No. 10, XVIII 527–29n; finances of (1780–1781), II 237–38n, 244n, 607–8, 608–10, 614–15, 672, 673, comptroller general of, see Bouvard de Fourquex, Michel, and Calonne, Charles Alexandre de, and Lambert, Charles Guillaume, and Lessart, Claude Antoine de Valdec de, and Loménie de Brienne, Etienne Charles de, and Necker, Jacques, and Turgot, Anne Robert Jacques, baron de l’Aulne, Hamilton on (1781), IV 95, VI 53, Minister of, see Clavière, Etienne; First Consul, see Bonaparte, Napoleon; fisheries, VIII 13n, 249; flag of, change in, XVI 430–31, 439; fleet of, defeat by Rodney in West Indies (1782), III 97n, 108n, XXVI 427, and John Paul Jones, III 203; and Floridas (1795), XVIII 457; and Great Britain, (1793–1794) IV 60–61, 90–91, 103, 105, 130–31, 162–64, 205, 257n, XVI 131–32, 229, 282, 285, 327n, 331n, 346–48, 382, 610n, XVIII 438–39n, 442n, (1795) XVIII 343–44, 403, XIX 204–5, commercial treaty with (1786), XVIII 447, declaration of war against (1803), XXVI 123–24, and La. (1803), XXVI 130, peace with (1802), XXVI 3, 4n, relations with, Thomas Truxton on, XXVI 179–80, Treaty of Peace and Friendship with (1783), XIX 171n, war with, effect of outbreak on U.S. (1793), XIV 267–69, 305–6, 314–15, 326–27, 336–37n, 347–52, 358–60, 367–96 (see also Neutrality and Neutrality, Proclamation of, and Privateers); Hamilton on, in Constitutional Convention, IV 182n, 190, 193, 206, in Continental Congress, V 6, in “The Defence of the Funding System,” XIX 13n, 55–58, in The Farmer Refuted, I 90, 102, 122, 124, 144, 145, 147, 155, 156–57, 159–60, at N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 45, 50, 144, 173, 175, in “Opinion on the Constitutionality of an Act to Establish a Bank,” VIII 69, in “Pay Book …,” I 378, 380–81, 385, 390, 411, in “Remarks on the Quebec Bill,” I 166–71, in “Report on the Bank,” VII 462, 463, 464, 476, 481, 482, 484, 485, 489, 490, 492, 494, 498–99, 522, 538, 545, 546, 547, 552, 557–58, 567, 579, 583–84, 585, 589, 593–94, 603, 604; Hamilton on, as model for U.S. presidential protocol, V 336–37; Hamilton on dangers of war with, in The Federalist, IV 311–12, 314–15, 343, 349–51, 390, 399, 409, 420, 448, 473; in Hamilton’s discussions with George Hammond, XIV 162–74, 193–95, 372–73, 525–26, 682, XVI 282–84; and Hamilton’s proposal for a national bank (1781), II 626–27; and Hamilton’s “Report on Public Credit,” background to, VI 61, 62; honorary citizenship to Hamilton, XII 545; David Hume on, I 100n, X 241n; imprisonment of U.S. seamen, XXII 185n; investment and settlement of citizens of, in U.S. lands, VI 352, 421–22, VII 388–89, VIII 227–33, 325, IX 253, XVI 610n, XX 516n, XXII 21n, XXVI 40, 41n, 654n, 664–65n, 735n; investment in U.S. securities, IX 451; and John Jay, mission of and instructions to (1794), XVI 264, 326n, 327n, 382–83; and Jay Treaty, XVIII 347–49n, 457, XIX 208–9n, 238n, XX 400n, Hamilton on, XVIII 446–48, 453–54, 481, 496–97, XIX 75–77, 95–97, 98–100, 112, 120–24, 163–64, 171n, 172, 175, 210–11, 220, 222, 227, 235, 240–41, 261, 264–65, 271–72, 275–76, 285–94, 335, 339, 342–47, 359–60, 368, 373, 380–83, 385–87, 395, 428n, 442–48, 476, 480, 510, 511, XX 20, 30, 32, 367–68, 399, 429, 431, 555, 556, 572, XXV 129–30n, 132–33, 230–32, 271–72, Rufus King on, XIX 279–81n, Edmund Randolph on, XIX 150–51, John Rutledge on, XVIII 510–11n, Washington on, XVIII 524–25; Jefferson’s partiality toward, XI 439–40; king of, see Louis XIV and Louis XV and Louis XVI; and La., (1795) XVIII 457, cession to France by Spain, XXV 372, 386, 612n, XXVI 3–5, 101n, Hamilton on, XXVI 82–85, and navigation of Miss. River and right of deposit at New Orleans, XXVI 6, 7, 71–72, 72–73n, purchase by U.S., XXVI 82n, 164, Hamilton on, XXVI 129–36 (see also Convention of 1800 and Fontainbleau, Treaty of, and Louisiana, Treaty of Cession of, and Paris, Treaty of [1763]); Lafayette on changes in government of (1787–1788), IV 142–44, 282–83, 652–53; and “lost million,” XI 207–11, XIV 530–32, XVI 479, XXI 312, 323, 326, 451–52n, 509, XXII 71–72; James Madison on, at Constitutional Convention, IV 172, 172–73n; James Madison’s partiality toward, XI 438–39; manufactures of, X 3, inspector general of, see Holker, John; manufacturing, government encouragement of, IX 252; marine agent in U.S., see Holker, John; Minister from Genoa, see Spinolo, Christoforo Vincenzo de; Minister of Foreign Affairs, see Bonnecarrère, Guillaume de, and Chambonas, Stanislas Guillaume de, and Lebrun-Tondu, Pierre Henri Hélène Marie, and Lessart, Claude Antoine de Valdec de, and Montmorin, Saint-Hérem, Armand Marc, comte de, and Vergennes, Charles Gravier, comte de; Minister of Interior, see Lessart, Claude Antoine de Valdec de; Minister of Marine, see Bertrand de Moleville, Antoine François, marquis de, and Dubouchage, François-Joseph Gratet, vicomte, and Lacoste, Jean de, and La Luzerne, César-Henri, comte de, and Lessart, Claude Antoine de Valdec de, and Monge, Gaspard; Minister of War, see Pache, Jean Nicolas, and St. Germain, Claude-Louis, comte de; Minister to The Hague, see Maulde, Etienne de; Minister to the U.S., see Adet, Pierre Auguste, and Bernadotte, Jean Baptiste Jules, and Fauchet, Jean Antoine Joseph, and Genet, Edmond Charles, and Gérard, Conrad-Alexandre, and La Luzerne, Anne César, chevalier de, and Moustier, Eleanor-François-Elie, comte de, and Ternant, Jean-Baptiste de; as model for Continental Congress (1779), II 246n; James Monroe’s appointment as U.S. Minister to, XVII 223n; National Assembly, VI 182, 212–13, 234–36, VII 111–12, 119, 120n, 165–66n, 389, 459–60, VIII 159, 160, president of, see Mirabeau, Honoré Gabriel Riquetti, comte de; Netherlands, attack on (1793), XIV 166–67, 281, 516; neutral commerce, rights and compensation for, XXV 129–30n, 132–39, 260, 266–67, 270, 272, 306, 378, 499; neutrals, policy toward, (1796) XX 231, 321–22, 323, 361–62n, 366–67, 412, (1797) XX 470–71, 479, 490, 491–93, 496–97, 511, 539–42, 551, 553–55, rights of, XVIII 438–39; and Nootka Sound crisis, Hamilton on, VII 43–45, 50–53; “Ordonnance de la Marine” (Louis XIV), XIX 308; policy toward U.S., (1794) XVII 113n, 213n, 398–99n, (1795) XVIII 8n, 347–48, 347–49n (see also Adet, Pierre Auguste, and Fauchet, Jean Antoine Joseph, and Monroe, James, and Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth); and presidential election (1800–1801), XXV 270, 277, 280, 287, 298, 311, 321–22; privateers, see Privateers: France; prizes, see Prizes: France; Quasi-War, XXI 474, XXV 3n, 171, 210, 261n, 362, 364, 430n, 431n, 440n, 499–500n, 508n, 579, 595–96 (see also Congress of the U.S.: acts of, for 1798–1800), and fleet, XXIII 193, 201, prisoners in U.S., XXIV 182, 182–83n, 334–35, 427, and U.S. Navy, XXV 579n, 595, XXVI 22; relations with foreign governments (1790–1791) VII 43–46, 50–53, 70–72, 73, 84, 111–13, 119–20, 441, VIII 69 (see also Beckwith, George), (1800) see Convention of 1800, Hamilton on in N.Y. Assembly, IV 7; relations with Spain (1779), II 178; relations with U.S. (1791), IX 29–30, 290–92 (see also Ternant, Jean Baptiste de); religion in, Hamilton on, IV 30, and morality, Hamilton on, XXI 402–5; revenue of, VIII 424; revolution in, (1792) XXV 134–35n, (1793) XXVI 703–4, and Joel Barlow, XXI 71, XXIII 234, events and effects of, XI 183–84, 597–98, XII 293–97, 373, 426n, 434, 477–78, 608–9, 617–18, XIII 169–79, 253, 376–78, XIV 86–87, 403–5, 475–76, XV 92–95, XVI 476n (see also Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette), Hamilton on (1794), XVII 585–86, 586–88, Jefferson on, XII 582, and religion, XXVI 738–41, and riots in, VIII 174n, 175–76n, 228, and U.S. relations with, see Monroe, James, and Morris, Gouverneur, and Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, and Short, William, and war in Europe, (1794) XVII 97–98, 99n, 240, 303–6, 350, 426, (1795) XVIII 343–44, 403, 438–39n, 442n, 457, 496, XIX 42n, 123–24n, 298n, 474n, 511n, (1796) XX 60–62, 162–64, 192, 221–22, 323, 339–40, 340n, 415, 416–17n, (1797) XX 485n, 490–91n, 491–93, 493n, 508n, 517n, 518n, 520, 526n, 534–35, 546, XXI 8–9, 22, 26, 30–32, 59, 61n, 63, 64n, 70n, 84, 87, 115–16, 198–99, 203–4, 204n, 290–92, 326, (1798) XXI 348–49, 349–50n, 372–74, 375n, 376, 388, 390–96, 399n, 401, 402–8, 412–18, 418–20, 422, 434–38, 450–51, 458, 488–89, 499–500, 507–9, 510–511n, 524–25, 532–33, 533–34n, XXII 1–4, 44–45, 57, 71–76, 183–84, 188, 207, 219–20, 224, 229–30, 345, 375–76, (1799) XXII 426, 427n, 502n, 525, 576 (see also Bonaparte, Napoleon), wars and battles of, XIII 376–79; and Santo Domingo, X 479–80, XI 41–42, 43–44, 113, 114–16, 117, 122–23, 125–26, 128, 129–30, 178n, 326–28, 333–34, 555–56, 596–97, XII 104–5, 174–75, 264, 427–28, 429, 430–31, 433n, 440, 637, 643, XIII 3–8, 150, 169–73, 176, 177n, 211–12, 252, 292, 325, 378, 443–47, 460, 479n, 537, 547, XIV 35n, 36–37, 56, 78, 79, 110, 114, 116, 118, 222, 512–13, 517, 527n, 554, XV 86, 117, 117–18, 124, 333, 423–24, 437, 445–46, 554, 576, 600–2, 612–13, independence of, XXV 80–81n, XXVI 4, 54, 91, 130, refugees from, see Santo Domingo, revolt in, IX 219, 225–26, 238, 265, X 479–80, XXIV 265n; and tobacco trade, VII 166n, 356n, 408, VIII 11–12, 174n, XIII 405–6, 416–18, XXIII 277n; treaties, see Amiens, Treaty of, and Campo Formio, Treaty of, and Convention Defining and Establishing the Functions and Privileges of Consuls and Vice Consuls and Convention for the Payment of Sixty Million Francs … by the U.S. and Convention for the Payment of Sums Due by France to the Citizens of the U.S. and Convention of 1800 and Fontainebleau, Treaty of, and Louisiana, Treaty of Cession of, and San Ildefonso, Treaty of, and Treaty of Alliance (1778) and Treaty of Amity and Commerce (1778) and Treaty of Peace and Friendship with Great Britain (1783) and Versailles, Treaty of, and Vienna, Treaty of Peace of; undeclared war with U.S., see Quasi-War (supra); U.S. consular convention with, proposed, V 7n, XV 113n (see also Convention Defining and Establishing the Functions and Privileges of Consuls and Vice Consuls); U.S. chargé d’affaires in, see Short, William; U.S. consul in, see Barclay, Thomas; U.S. consul general in, pay, V 384 (see also Skipwith, Fulwar); U.S. consuls in, duties of, XIII 379; U.S. creditors of, XVI 413, 413–14n; U.S. debt to, loans from, and payments to, III 86, 348, V 366–68, 426, 428, 429–30, 570–74, VI 112–13, 189–90, 210–14, 227–32, 234–39, 259, 349–52, 409, 446–47, 516, 569, 582, 585–86, VII 12, 16, 18n, 44, 165n, 178, 354–68, 394, 394–96, 431–35, 454, VIII 11–12, 137, 170–71, 176–79, 260–64, 271, 278–79, 281–82, 283n, 288, 289–90, 324–25, 336, 356, 413–23, 416, 460–61, 488–93, 504–5, 512–13n, 534–36, 558–62, 574–76, 578, IX 1–3, 22, 61, 63–67, 97–98, 129, 132–36, 140–42, 159–61, 165, 219, 225–26, 227–29, 238, 265, 315, 390–91, 394n, 394–96, 479, 481n, 499–500, 523–24, 553–54, X 379–80, 403, 472–75, 479–80, 485–88, 566, 568–69, XI 41–42, 43–44, 106–7, 113, 114–16, 117, 122–23, 125–26, 128, 129–30, 165, 178, 181–82, 207–11, 220–21, 262, 316, 320, 326–28, 333–34, 401–2, 519, 546–49, 555–56, 577, 578, 594–600, XII 103–5, 162–64n, 165, 171–78, 220, 264, 293–97, 380–82n, 385, 399–401, 410n, 425–69, 469–80, 513–14, 528–29, 531–33, 534–37, 576–77, 585–86, 624–26, 637–44, XIII 3–8, 11–12, 18, 19–22, 106, 142, 150, 169–73, 176, 211–12, 235, 240, 248–57, 331, 333, 358–71, 378, 441n, 443–47, 453, 454n, 460, 477–78, 479n, 507n, 530, 533, 534, 535, 537, 547n, 565, 566, 567, 568, 570, XIV 7, 16, 18–26, 28–37, 42–45, 56, 77, 78, 79, 84, 88, 109–10, 114, 116, 118, 130, 131, 141, 164, 165, 166, 181–82, 182, 184, 185–86, 194–95, 199, 208, 213n, 220, 222, 258–59, 273n, 274, 325, 351, 360, 363–64, 395–96, 409–10, 432–37, 482–83, 512–13, 515n, 515–16n, 517, 518–19, 519–21n, 523–25, 525–26, 527–28n, 530–32, 552, 553, 554, XV 5n, 17, 18, 22, 24, 29–30, 64, 79, 80, 86, 116–18, 124, 137, 166, 209, 369, 405–7, 411, 423, 436–37, 453, 462, 470, 534–35, 544, 576, 584, 610–18, 674, XVI 142, 149–50, 160, 169, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 182, 195n, 196, 303–4, 308, 328–30, 342, 356, 360–61, 371–72, 377–78, 432–33n, 517, XVII 426, 433n, 536–37, 544, 546, 551, 552, 556–57, 562, 563, XVIII 8n, 16–17, 30, 32, 132–35, 160, 323–24, 325, 380, 385, 458–59, XX 192n (see also Clavière, Etienne, and Short, William, and Swan, James), Jefferson on, XI 401n, XII 162–64n, 380–82n, 399–491, 585–86, XIII 229–31, 348–56; and U.S. embargo, XVI 486n; U.S. legation to, secretary of, see Short, William; and U.S. manufactures, XXVI 520; U.S. Ministers to, (1780’s) III 96–97, pay, V 383 (see also Franklin, Benjamin, and Jefferson, Thomas, and Laurens, Henry), (1794) candidates for, XVI 422–23; U.S. Ministers Plenipotentiary to, see Armstrong, John, and Livingston, Robert R., and Monroe, James, and Morris, Gouverneur, and Murray, William Vans, and Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth; U.S. mission to (1797–1798), XXIV 385, appointment of and instructions to, XXI 340–41n, XXII 187–88, Hamilton on in Letter to John Adams, XXV 5, 140, 205–7, 208, proposed by Hamilton and others, XX 222–23, 243, 246–47, 477, 480–81, 482–83, 522, 545, 549, 556–57, 558, 567–68, 569–74, 574–75, XXI 20–21, 22–23, 33–37, 48–49n, 52n, 63–64, 68–69, 72–75, 81–83, 302–3n, reaction to French reception of, XXI 339–40, 342, 344, 365, 368–70n, 371–72n, 373, 378, 379n, 383, 408–9, 409–10n, 428–32, 428–32n, 436, 441–47, 463, 465n, 465–66, 472–73n, 489–90n, 507–13 (see also XYZ affair); U.S. mission to (1799–1800), XXIII 545, 545–47n, XXIV 24, 395, 402, 508–10, 508–9n, 557–58, 581, 596, XXV 16, 17n, 78, 80, 95, 106–7, 120, 128, 129–31, 141, 146–47, 160–68, 178, 184, 260–61n, 266–67, 269–70, 291, 326, 332, Hamilton on, XXV 128–31, 129–30n, 131–39, 141, 160–68, 180, 212–24, 271–72, 277, 287, 298–99, 309, 378; U.S. neutrality (1793) and collectors of customs, Hamilton on, XXVI 702–3; U.S. neutral rights of commerce (1802–1803), XXVI 177; U.S. policy toward, (1793) XV 2–3, 70–71, 87, 110–16, 139–42, 157–58, 159–60, 168–69, 169–70, 181–83, 300–1, 314–16, 381–82, 425–30, 445–46, 550–51, Fisher Ames on, XV 312–13, Hamilton on, XV 14–15, 33–43, 55–63, 65–69, 82–86, 90–95, 100–106, 130–35, 145–51, 184–91, 191–93, 203–7, 224–25, 239–41, 243–46, 249–50, 281–84, 304–6, 405–7, 425–30, 669–78, and question of U.S. neutrality and diplomatic relations with, XIV 7, 23, 29, 193–95, 267–69, 297–98, 305–6, 307–10, 314–15, 326–37, 328, 335–36, 336, 347–52, 355–56, 367–96, 396–97, 398–408, 426, 451–60, 490, 499, 541–44 (see also Jefferson, Thomas), William L. Smith on, XV 262–63, (1794) XV 647, 667, XVIII 107–8, 108, 112–13n, 192–95, 195–96n, 221, 221–22n, 253n, 399–400 (see also Fauchet, Jean Antoine Joseph, and Monroe, James, and Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth), (1797–1798) XXI 30–41, 72–75, 101, 361–63, 364–66, 370–77, 434–40; U.S. proposed military and other measures to meet crisis with, (1797) XXI 20–21, 22–23, 24–26, 26, 33–41, 47–48n, 48–49n, 61–68, 68–71, 72–75, 75–76, 81–84, 84, 99, 101–2, 103–4, (1798) XXI 339–40, 341–42n, 342–46, 361–63, 365–66, 368, 368–70, 376–77, 386–87, 437–40, 449, 459, 463–64, 474–78, 479, 486–87, 501, 504–6, 522, 528–30, 534–35, 535–36n, XXII 381, 394, (1799) XXII 227–28 (see also U.S. Army [Quasi-War]); U.S. relations with, (1779–1780) II 230–31, 254–55, (1782) III 71, 96–97, (1789) Hamilton on, V 483–85, 489, (1791) Hamilton on, X 374, (1792) Hamilton on, XI 69–73, Jefferson on, XI 69–73, (1793) XXVI 702–3, 703–4, 704–6n, 844, (1794) XVI 55, 105n, 282–84, 327, 331n, 382–83 (see also Fauchet, Jean Antoine Joseph, and Monroe, James, and Morris, Gouverneur), Hamilton on, XVI 12–19, 268, 270–71, 274, 285, 346–47, 382–83, 422–23, (1795) Hamilton on, XIX 519–20, 520–28, (1796) XX 212–14n, 227n, 241, 361–62n, Hamilton on, XX 190–95, 225–26, 246–47, 253, 339–40, 372–73, 374–75, 378–80, 389–90, 408–9, 411–14, 421–34, 444–45, Rufus King on, XX 321–22, 323, 415, 534–35, Gouverneur Morris on, XX 59–62, Timothy Pickering on, XX 335, Washington on, XX 162–66, 237–39, 362–66, 366–67, 409–10, Oliver Wolcott, Jr. on, XX 220–21, 223–24, 230–31, 398–99, 436, (1797) John Adams on, XXI 48–49n, Fisher Ames on, XX 482–85, William Cobbett on, XX 489n, Hamilton on, XX 468, 469–70, 474, 479, 480–81, 490–95, 508, 509–512, 515, 517–20, 521–22, 524–29, 539–42, 545–46, 548–49, 551–56, 556–57, 567–68, 574–75, XXI 7, 20–21, 22–23, 26, 29–41, 46–47, 61–68, 72–75, 81–84, 84, 99, 103, and Jay Treaty, XXI 8–11, 33, 37–38, 49n, 52, 65, 74, Rufus King on, XXI 8–9, Timothy Pickering on, XX 496–97, 519n, 548–49, 558–67, XXI 68–71, Robert Schuyler on, XXI 28–29, William Loughton Smith on, XXI 75–76, Uriah Tracy on, XXI 24–26, Washington on, XX 476–77, John Williams on, XXI 101–2, Oliver Wolcott, Jr. on, XX 569–74 (see also Adet, Pierre Auguste, and Monroe, James, and Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth), (1798) John Adams on, XXI 339–40, 340–41n, XXII 405n, 502–3n, and embargo on U.S. vessels, XXII 46, 183–85, 345n, David Ford on, XXI 410–11, and Elbridge Gerry, XXII 45–46, 183, 489n, Hamilton on, XXI 342–46, 361–63, 364–66, 368, 379–80, 381–87, 390, 390–96, 408, 418–32, 434–40, 441–47, 452–53, 467–68, 490, 500–1, 506–13, XXII 154–55, 192, 388–89, XXVII 14, 16, and Jay Treaty, XXI 424–27, 446, Rufus King on, XXI 458, XXII 44, 182–84, 187–88, 207, Lafayette on, XXII 404, and George Logan, XXII 183, Harrison Gray Otis on, XXII 381–82, Timothy Pickering on, XXI 370–77, 378, Philip Schuyler on, XXII 57, Washington on, XXI 470–74, XXII 22–23, 244, 344–45, Oliver Wolcott, Jr. on, XXI 465–66 (see also Congress of the U.S.: acts of, “An Act to declare the treaties heretofore concluded with France, no longer obligatory on the U.S.” [July 7, 1798], and XYZ affair), (1799) Christopher Gore on, XXII 512–13, Hamilton on, XXII 404, 440–41, 475, 493, XXIII 602, Rufus King on, XXII 425–26, XXIII 266, 267n, John C. Montflorence on, XXIII 234–35, and nomination of William Vans Murray as U.S. Minister, XXII 487–88, 493, 494–95, 500, 503, Timothy Pickering on, XXII 487–88, XXIII 199–200, Theodore Sedgwick on, XXII 487–88, (1800–1801) XXV 16, 17n, 255–56, 260–61n, Hamilton on, XXV 204–21, 224, 330, under Jefferson, XXV 298–99, 309, 332–36, 355–56, 381n, 406–7, 441, 500n, Hamilton on, XXV 281, 305–8, 353–54, 355, 357, 378–79, 492–93, 504, James McHenry on, XXIV 219, 299–300, 508–9, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney on, XXIV 379 (see also Convention of 1800), (1802) XXVI 3–7, 71–73, (1803) XXVI 82–85, 134–35, Hamilton on, XXIV 84, 129–30 (see also Floridas and Louisiana and New Orleans), history of, Hamilton on, XXV 188–89, 204–21, 232, 253–55, 353–55, 357, 375–76, 376–79, 492–94, 592–93; U.S. trade with French West Indies, interference with, VI 368; U.S. vice consul at Le Havre, see LaMotte, Claude Adam de; and violation of U.S. neutral shipping rights, (1796) XX 220–21, 225–26, 230–31, 241n, 323, 374–75, 378–80, 398–99, 411–14, 421–34, (1797) XX 468, 469–70, 474, 476–77, 490–95, 496–97, 497, 509–12, 517–20, 521–22, 524–29, 539–42, 545–46, 548–49, 551–56, 552n, 558–59, 567–68, 569–74, 574–75, XXI 8–12, 46–47, 68, 101–2, (1798) XXI 368–69n, 372, 376, XXII 344–345; and war in Europe (1793), XV 15n, 44–45, 57–63, 65n, 90–91, 103, 130–31, 205, 257–58n, declaration of, XIV 237, 291, 292n, 295–96, 335, 408, 499, prospect of (1792), X 566; warships, activities of (1794), XVII 212, 398, 435n; James Wilson on, at Constitutional Convention, IV 171n
“France and America,” XXV 131–39
Francis II (Austria, Holy Roman Emperor): and liberation of Lafayette, XX 165; and wars of the French Revolution, XXII 229, 576, XXV 134n
Francis, Anna (Mrs. James Tilghman), XIII 343n
Francis, Anne Willing (Mrs. Tench), II 558, XXIII 328n
Francis, John (Mass.): Additional Army candidate (Mass.), XXII 334
Francis, John (Pa.): proprietor of Philadelphia hotel, XV 365n
Francis, John (R.I.): Providence merchant, partner and son-in-law of John Brown, XXV 31n; and customs regulations, VII 122, 132, 168–69, VIII 398, 473, IX 183, 213–14, 528–29; part-owner of Furnace Hope, XVI 534, XVII 80
Francis, John W.: and authorship of The Federalist, IV 291
Francis, Tench, Sr.: Philadelphia attorney, XXVI 758n
Francis, Tench: Philadelphia merchant, II 558n, VII 122n, VIII 138n, XXVI 757; Army contractor (American Revolution) with Comfort Sands and others, XXVII 9, report on petition of, VIII 138n; cashier, Bank of North America, III 509, 633, V 524, VI 9, 13–14, 32, 35, 310, 445, 576, VIII 4, 34, 146, 206, 330, 357, 442, 485, IX 78, 489, 550, X 356, 508, XIII 461, XXVI 603, advances to, to pay interest on Federal debt, XIII 99, and speculation in securities, X 529–30, and “Report on the Mint,” VII 200, 470; purveyor of public supplies, XXII 403, 433, 519, 587, XXIII 105, 133, 143, 147, 187, 190, 276–77, 325–28, 638, 662, XXIV 409, 564, death, XXIV 510n, 552n, 553n; U.S. agent for fortification of Philadelphia, and War Department supplies, XVI 288, 381, 412, 481, 550, 566, 577, 581, 588, XVII 169n, 293, 297, 298, 337, 431, 436, 458, 470, 481, 566, 569, 574–75, 576, XVIII 1, 10; U.S. payments to, as Government agent, XIII 567, 568, 570, XV 523, 524, 531, XVII 520
Francis, Thomas Willing: Philadelphia merchant and member of firm of Willing and Francis, XVII 431n, XVIII 7n, XX 231, XXI 460n
Françoise Bay, and Fundy, Bay of
Franconia, Germany: U.S. consul at, XIV 411n
Francy, Lazare-Jean de Francy-les-Arnay, Théveneau de: Beaumarchais’s agent in America, I 481, XXVI 791
Frankfort, Ky., VIII 165n
Frankfort, N.Y.: and Cosby Manor, XIX 200n
“Franklin”: pseudonym used by supporters of Whiskey insurgents, XVII 175, XVIII 349–50n
Franklin, —— (Mr.): and customs regulations, VII 124
Franklin, Benjamin, III 564, V 393, VI 42n, 533, VIII 307, 308, IX 204, 205n, 364n, 367n, XII 368n, XIII 317n, 450n, XVI 42n, 424n, XVII 358n, 414n, XVIII 308n, 368n, XX 218n, XXI 289n, XXII 122n, 261n, XXIII 190n, XXIV 552n, 554, XXV 92n, XXVI 41, 446; on John Adams, XXV 3n; “An Address to the Good People of Ireland on behalf of America,” II 130n; death of, VII 459–60; delegate, Constitutional Convention, IV 176–77, VIII 111n; and French loans, VI 211n, VII 19–20n, VIII 178, XI 207–9, XII 220; and “lost million,” XI 207–9, XIV 531, XXI 509; on lotteries, VII 93; mission to France, I 210, 212, 215–16, 228, 250n, 313, 318n, II 129, 179, 217n, 365n, 457, 505, 536, III 71, 145n, 199n, XI 410n, XII 152n, XV 94, XVIII 439n, XIX 100, 383, XX 432n, XXVI 376; peace commissioner to France, III 327n, 344, 419, XI 410n, XIII 396, XIX 470n, 528n, XXI 16, 17n, 453–54n, XXV 182n, 189n; “Remarks and facts relative to American paper-money,” VII 240; and “Report on the Bank,” VII 240; Two Tracts: Information to those who would remove to America. And, Remarks concerning the Savages of North America, XX 13n; and the U.S. Constitution, V 176, 291
Franklin, Henry: executor of, and Hamilton’s law practice, III 33n, XXVI 458
Franklin, James: militia company of, and invalid pensions, X 553
Franklin, Jesse: member, House of Representatives (N.C.), XVIII 308n, XX 370–71
Franklin, John: proposed resident agent for prisoner exchange (American Revolution), II 544
Franklin, John: petition of, XI 288
Franklin, Mary: and Hamilton’s law practice, III 33n, XXVI 458
Mary Franklin, Executor of Henry Franklin v Teunis Slingerlands: and Hamilton’s law practice, XXVI 458
Franklin, Robinson, and Company: New York City merchant firm, XVI 510, debt of Hamilton’s estate to, XXVI 307
Franklin, Samuel: New York City merchant, director of Bank of N.Y., III 515n, V 370n; and Hamilton’s law practice, III 41
Franklin, Samuel, and Company: bill of exchange, XXVI 466n
Franklin, Samuel R.: Army (Quasi-War), XXIV 515, 571; and Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures, XII 78n
Franklin, Thomas: and Hamilton’s law practice, III 32
Franklin, Thomas, Jr.: auctioneer for Board of Treasury, pay, VI 533, XIII 104
Franklin, Walter: New York City flour merchant, XVIII 458–59
Franklin, William (Benjamin Franklin’s son): royal governor of N.J., I 292, IX 365, 530; and Hamilton’s law practice, XXVI 446
Franklin, William Temple (son of William Franklin and grandson of Benjamin Franklin): agent for selling lands and securities in England, IX 204, XV 337n, XVIII 368, XX 141; considered as Minister to France, XVI 423; Constitutional Convention, nominated secretary of, IV 159n; and John Skey Eustace, XXII 261; U.S. peace commissioners (1781–1782), secretary of, XXV 91–92
Franklin, Conn.: manufacturing at, IX 329
Franklin, State of, XXII 33n, XXIV 404n; creation of, IV 316n; possible relationship to new Federal Government, V 25, 33
Franklin (American brig): capture of, XXVI 28, 29n
Franklin County, N.C.: excise survey, VIII 190, IX 429
Franklin County, Pa.: excise survey, VIII 189, IX 427; lack of opposition to excise, XII 595; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 241
Franklin County, Va. excise survey, IX 428
Franks, David S.: Army (American Revolution), II 366–67, XXVI 396n, 797, Benedict Arnold’s treason, II 440, court of inquiry, II 485; Bank of the U.S., assistant cashier of, XIII 498
Franks, the: Hamilton on, in The Federalist, IV 385
Fraser, Archibald C.: British consul at Algiers, VIII 278n
Fraser, Charles Henry: British diplomat in Russia and Spain, VIII 277–78
Fraser, Grant, and Baillie: merchant firm, St. Christopher, I 14, 15. See also Grant and Baillie
Fraser, Thomas: Baltimore, Md., merchant, and customs regulations, VIII 38–39, 437–38, 462–64, IX 79, 163–64
Fraser River, British Columbia: description of, by discoverer, XVII 362–64
Fraud: and China trade, IX 143; and customs regulations, VIII 5–6, 295; and excise, (1791) IX 206–7, (1792) XI 461n, 491, 518, 583; Hamilton on, in “Report on Manufactures,” X 40, 193, 226, 309, 336
Fraunces, Andrew G.: clerk in the Treasury Department, XIII 101; “An Appeal to the Legislature of the United States … Against the Conduct of the Secretary of the Treasury …,” XIV 460–71; charges against Hamilton, and Hamilton’s replies, XI 571–72n, XIV 460–71, 476, 528–30, XV 45, 52, 144, 164–65, 165, 171, 171–72, 175–76, 176, 177, 196, 197–203, 213–22, 277, 317, 319, 321, 323–24, 326, 335, 354, 421, 455–56, 461, 587n, 587–88, XVI 108, 532, 585, XXI 242, XXVI 713–14, 719–23; debts owed Nathanael Greene by Baron de Glaubeck, Royal Flint, and William Duer, XI 571–72n, XV 319, 321, 323–24, 335, 421, 587n, XXI 127n, 195n, 242; Hamilton’s account with, VII 132, 412; pay, as clerk, XIII 463, for special services to Government, XIII 106, 140; and “Reynolds Affair,” XXI 129, 139, 163, 177n, 233, 234, 235, 249, 273, XXVII 14
Fraunces, John G. (brother of Andrew G. Fraunces), XVI 585, XXI 163
Fraunces, Samuel (father of Andrew G. Fraunces): former proprietor of New York City tavern, XIV 460n, XV 177, XXI 164n; and Hamilton’s law practice, III 26; Washington’s steward, XIV 460n, XV 172n, XXVI 684
Samuel Fraunces v executors of Gifford: and Hamilton’s law practice, III 62
Fraunces Tavern, New York City, III 23n, 26n, XIV 460n, XXI 164, XXVI 684n
Frauncis, Samuel M.: clerk, register’s office, Treasury Department, pay, XI 391
Frazer, Simon: and money advanced to American prisoners in Canada (American Revolution), XIII 194, XIV 315, XV 579
Frazer, William: Episcopal rector, Trenton, N.J., and tutor to Philip and Alexander Hamilton, Jr., IX 561n, XVII 121n, 288n, XVIII 245–46
Frazier, Alex: messenger, treasurer’s office, Treasury Department, pay, XIII 465
Frazier, William: pay as messenger, XVII 452n
Frederica, Ga., VIII 275n, XVII 474
Frederick II (Frederick the Great) (king of Prussia), VI 314, 317, XX 111n, XXIII 205, XXV 95, 214; cited in Hamilton’s defense of Jay Treaty, XIX 342n, 343, 344; civil administration of, II 238; as example to be followed in Quasi-War, XXIII 432, XXIV 429; Instruction Militaire du Roi de Prusse …, XXV 95n; and Lafayette’s imprisonment, XV 637–38; on organization of an army, II 17; relations with Austria, XXI 32; on relations with Great Britain during American Revolution, I 276; Baron von Steuben as titular aide to, I 449, 497, XXVI 371n; victory over Austrians at Torgau, XXIV 429, 430n; and war with France, XIX 121, 123–24n; on George Washington, I 484–85
Frederick: escaped slave owned by Henry Laurens, III 605–7
Frederick, Joseph: prize money, XIII 108
Frederick, Md., see Frederick Town, Md.
Frederick Augustus, Bishop of Osnabrück (Osnaburg), see York, duke of
Frederick County, Md., XI 304, XX 397n; and excise opposition, XII 597n; excise survey, IX 130, 428, XII 94; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 263n
Frederick County, Va., XXIII 270n; excise survey, IX 428
Frederick Isle, District of Me., VII 151n
Fredericksburg, N.Y., II 168; in American Revolution, headquarters, I 550–57, 560–90, XXVI 365
Fredericksburg, Va., VI 15, VII 377n, 414, X 408n, 444; opposition to war with France by inhabitants of, XXI 473n; postmaster at, XIV 266n, XVI 620; surveyor of customs at and inspector of the revenue for, see Lewis, William, accounts, XI 235; visit by Washington, VIII 242–43, 470
Fredericksted, Danish West Indies, I 22n
Fredericksteen (Danish frigate), XXVI 117
Frederick Town (Frederick), Md.: French prisoners at (Quasi-War), XXIV 182, 397–98; and troop movements (Quasi-War), XXII 540, 551, XXIII 548, 569, 572n, 573, 593, XXIV 356; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 151, 197, 201, 215, 218, 226–27, 227, 231–32, 241, 243, 249, 254, 263n, 289, 294, 368
Frederick William II (king of Prussia): and relations with France, XIX 123–24n, XXI 32, 391
Frederick William III (king of Prussia): and treaty with U.S. XXV 508n
Freelon, Abraham: New York City fanlight maker, XXVI 23
Freeman, Asa: Army contractor (Quasi-War), XXIII 238n, 619
Freeman, Constant: American Revolution, pay for American prisoners at Quebec, VI 531–32, XIII 104; Army (Quasi-War), XXIII 75, 119, 253, 453, 615, 616, 617, XXIV 89, 214, 277n, 645, 655; clerk in War Department, pay for expenses of move to Philadelphia, XIII 107, 140; settlement of claims, XIII 301; War Department agent in Ga., XV 644n, XVI 601n, XVII 245
Freeman, Douglas Southall: George Washington, I 250n, III 279n, IX 364n, X 458n, XI 455n, XII 100–1n, XV 157–58n, 373–74n, XVI 523n, XVII 24n, 287n, XVIII 284n, 350n, 479n; 527–29n, XIX 356–57n, XXIV 101n
Freeman, Ezekiel: clerk, auditor’s office, Treasury Department, VIII 453, pay, XIII 465
Freeman, John (London): and Hamilton’s law practice, XXVI 464
Freeman, John (Md.): Army (American Revolution), arrearages of pay, XI 278
Freeman, Jonathan: comments on Additional Army candidates (N.H.), XXII 112, 113
Freeman, Nathaniel: member, House of Representatives (Mass.), and vote on funds for Jay Treaty, XX 150–51n
Freeman, Nehemiah: Regular Army (Quasi-War), XXII 608, XXIII 77, 534, 662, 670, 671, 682, 683, 686, 690, XXIV 615, 624, 624–25, 650
Freeman, Quin John: British Army (American Revolution), convention troops, XXVI 386
Freeman, Thomas: U.S. surveyor, and reports on Loftus Heights, XXIV 176–77, 183–84, 274–75, 645
Freeman, Thomas Davis: surveyor and inspector of port of Plymouth, N.C., XI 29, XII 318, 392, 424
The [Philadelphia] Freeman’s Journal: or, the North-American Intelligencer, III 90n, VI 293n, XI 430n, XII 158n
Freemasonry: and Order of the Illuminati, XXV 20n, 23n
Freer, Daniel: petition of, XI 300, report on, XI 304–5
Freer, Samuel S.: and Hamilton’s law practice, XXVI 155n
“Free ships, free goods,” doctrine of: and Convention of 1800, negotiations for, XXV 130n, 132–34, 136–37, provisions of, XXV 262, 263n, 266, 272; and Jay Treaty, Hamilton on, XIX 235, 304, 384, 449, 473, 475–81, 519; and U.S. relations with France, (1796) XX 193, (1797) XX 479, 540, XXI 102n, (1798) XXI 422, 424–26. See also Treaty of Amity and Commerce (1778)
Free trade: Hamilton on in “Report on Manufactures,” X 3, 56–57, 88–90, 149–50, 262–63; James Madison on, X 264n; Jacques Necker on, X 9, 263–64n; Adam Smith on, X 263n, 264–65n
Frelinghuysen, Frederick: and Hamilton’s law practice, XXI 389; N.J. militia (American Revolution), II 540; U.S. Senator (N.J.), XXVI 696, comments on Additional Army candidates (N.J.), XXII 121, 123, 125, 126, 128, 130, XXIV 625, resignation, XXII 120n
Frelinghuysen, Theodore: comments on candidate for Director of Mint, XIX 298–99n
French, Bastian: and debt of Nicholas Cruger, I 12
French, Samuel: Army (American Revolution), I 443
French and Indian War, see Seven Years’ War
French Army, see American Revolution and France and France
French Creek, Pa. (trading post): proposed Indian meeting at, XI 448n
French Creek, Pa. (tributary of Allegheny River), XXIII 331; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 88n
French East India Company: and French privateering, XVI 7
French East Indies: U.S. trading privileges with, XXI 67
“A French Faction”: essay by Hamilton, XXI 452–54
French fleet, see American Revolution and France
Frenchman’s Bay, District of Me.: collector of customs at, see Jordan, Meletiah, accounts, XI 236; customs boat for, VIII 522, XI 218; port of entry, customs accounts, XIII 36–37, 576, XV 476–77, 480–81, 484–85; shipbuilding at, VIII 521
French Pond, N.Y., III 55n
“The French Revolution”: short essay by Hamilton, XVII 586–88
French River, Canada: and U.S. frontier defenses, XXIII 379, 381
French West Indies: and Anglo-French relations and effect on U.S. after 1793, XVI 131, 366–67, 375–76, 382n, 383n, 446–47n, VII 409–10, XIX 316n, 521–22, 526, XX 60n, 163, 194, 231, 241, 483, 519, 522, 553–54, XXI 37, 65, 67, 439, 486–87, 498–99; and Convention of 1800, XXV 129, 138–39; effect of, on U.S. relations with France, VII 45; and “Report on Manufactures,” X 7, 58, 89, 118; and Quasi-War, XXII 20, 381–82, 394; and treaties of 1778, XIV 298n, 387, XIX 521–22, 526; U.S. trade with, I 8n, and regulations for, V 453, VIII 435, 480, IX 290, 292n, X 59n, 351n, 348–49, 363–65, 393, XIII 401–2, 411–12, 412–13n, 415, 419n, 421, 422n, 424–25, 432, 433, 436. See also Hispaniola and Santo Domingo
Freneau, Philip: ally of Jefferson, XI 430–31, 435–36, 438; XII 101n, 188–93, 210–11, 275, 382–85, 393, 578–79, 583–84, XIV 201; clerk in State Department, and charges of conflict of interest, XII 107, 123–24, 157–64, 188–93, 193–94, 196, 224, 275, 382–85, 393, 576, 578–79, 586; co-editor, The [N.Y.] National Gazette, XI 29n, 430–31, 435–36, 438, 530n, XII 100, 107, 123–24, 157–64, 188–93, 193–94, 196, 224, 382–85, 393, 578–79, 583–84, XIII 521n, XIV 201; and James Madison, XI 435–36, 438, XII 275, XIV 201; presumed author, “The Funeral Dirge of George Washington and James Wilson, King and Judge,” XV 158n
Frestel, Felix: Lafayette’s son’s tutor, XIX 324–26, 354–55, 450, 455–56, 457–58, 459, 515n, 518n, XX 55, 68n, 107n, 109, 165, XXI 298–99
Frey, Joseph-Pierre-Charles, baron de: Army (American Revolution), II 80
Frederich II, Prince: troops of (American Revolution), XXVI 384
Friendship (British ship): captured by French sloop of war, XV 682
Friendship (sloop): and customs regulations, IX 455
Friendship John (sloop): and Bermuda customs regulations, XIII 160
“A Friend to America,” see A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress, &c.
Fries, John: arrest and imprisonment, XXIII 411–12n; opposition to Federal property tax, XXII 532n; pardon, XXV 78, 142–43n, 171, 225; trials of, XXV 142n, 151–57, XXVI 76, and John Adams’s attitude toward, XXV 226–27n, and Samuel Chase, XXVI 192. See also Fries’s Rebellion
Fries’s Rebellion, XXIV 345n, XXV 362, 510, 595; John Adams’s attitude toward rebels, XXV 226–27; Government policy toward rebels during and after rebellion, XXII 388, 531, 539–41, 550–51, 548–53, 556–60, 575, 579, 584–85, 591–92, 593, XXIII 1–2, 7–8, 110, 148, 152–53, 164, 171–72, 175–76, 178–79, 236, 280, 343, 445; pardon of prisoners, XXV 171, 225; trial of prisoners, XXIII 411–12n, XXV 141–42, 142–43n, 151–52n. See also United States Army (Quasi-War): Volunteer Corps
Frink, Daniel: commissary (American Revolution), exchanged, I 213
Frink, Thomas: and dispute over N.H. grants, III 276n
Friuli, Italy: and Napoleonic wars, XX 416n
Frogs Neck, N.Y., see Throgs Neck, N.Y.
Frontenac, Canada: and exploration of North America, III 707
Frontier: defense of, XI 108–9n, appropriations for, IX 471–74, X 533, George Beckwith on, VI 496n, Hamilton on (1791), VIII 219, in Quasi-War, XXIII 481, 516–22, 549–50. See also Congress of the U.S., acts of: “An Act for making farther and more effectual Provision for the Protection of the Frontiers of the United States” (March 5, 1792) and Great Britain: U.S. relations with, and Hamtramck, John F., and Harmar, Josiah, and Indians and Rivardi, John J. U., and Spain: U.S. relations with, and St. Clair, Arthur, and Wayne, Anthony, and Western posts and Wilkinson, James
Frontier posts, see individual forts and United States Army (Quasi-War): Western Army, and United States Army (peacetime, 1800–1804): Western Army, and Western posts
Frost, Elisha: Additional Army candidate (Conn.), XXII 273
Frothingham, David: manager of [N.Y.] Argus. Greenleaf’s New Daily Advertiser, convicted of libeling Hamilton, XXIV 7–8n
Frutler, J. A., see Treutlen, John Adam
Fry (Frey), (John?): Hamilton’s visit to, XVIII 345n
Fry, John: on state of U.S. credit in Europe, IX 451–52
Frye, Frederick: Regular Army (Quasi-War), XXII 224, 249, 428n, 554, 605, 609–10, 610, XXIII 75, 107, 298, 300–1, 305, 371–72, 647, 666, 680, 688, XXIV 173, 624
Fuller, Benjamin: petition of, XIII 166n
Fuller, Israel: charged with counterfeiting, VIII 252
A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress, &c., I 45–78, X 13–14
Fulton, Alexander: and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 342, 378
Fulton, Samuel: Additional Army candidate (Pa.), XXII 141, 145
Fulton, Samuel: and relations with John Skey Eustace, XXII 257, XXIII 21n, 22n
Funck, Elias: alias of Mathieu Dumas, XXI 324
“Funding Act,” see Congress of the U.S., acts of, “An Act making provision for the (payment of the) Debt of the United States” (August 4, 1790)
Fundy, Bay of, I 588; and exploration and settlement of North America, III 706, 708; and Treaty of Paris (1783), XIX 240n
Furber, Holden: “The Beginnings of American Trade with India, 1784–1812,” XVIII 434n
Furgo, Samuel: Army (American Revolution), Hamilton’s battalion, XXVI 417
Furlong, Laurence: petition of, XI 252n
Furlong, William: shipmaster, and spoliation claim, XIX 306
Furman, Gabriel: New York City merchant and alderman, XXIV 623; involvement with Robert Lenox, XX 35n; member, aldermanic committee on defense of New York City, XXI 476, XXII 544; member, aldermanic committee on Bronx River water, XXIII 482
Furman, John: printer of Hamilton’s Letter on John Adams, XXV 175n
Furman, Moore: deputy quartermaster general (American Revolution), II 310, 371; The Letters of Moore Furman, IX 561n; Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures, director of, XI 248n
Furman, Richard: New York City street commissioner, XXV 93n
Furman, Robert: and N.Y. election of 1789, V 262n
Furnace Hope, Scituate, Mass., XVI 534n, XVII 80n, 312, 456, XVIII 210n
Furnace of Dean, see Forest of Dean
Furniture: duty on, X 16–17n; Hamilton’s proposal for tax on (1787), IV 45; manufacture of, in Conn. IX 323
Furnival, Alexander: and land for fortifications at Baltimore, Md., XVII 251, 434
Furs: British trade in, X 494n; and China trade, IX 39, 42, 45–49; duty on, X 16–17n; and hat manufacture, IX 336–38, 442, X 170, 220, 283, 331; imports of, IX 337–38; scarcity, IX 442; supply of, X 100, 182, 294
Furtado, Jacob: New York City merchant, and Hamilton’s law practice, XXVI 30n; debt to Hamilton’s estate, XXVI 303
Fur trade: and Nootka Sound crisis, VI 573n; by Phyn and Ellice, XII 31; and Quasi-War, XXIII 290, 517; and western posts, III 490, 492, IV 136, VII 609, 611, XI 347, Hamilton on, in defense of Jay Treaty, XIX 75, 143, 146, 185, 186–99, 210–15, 217–37
Fury, Peter B.: petition of, XI 358n
Fury (Dutch frigate): captured by British, XXII 231n
Fustians: manufacture of, X 93, 171, 219, 284, 330
Fynje, Hendrick: Amsterdam banker, XVI 595n