Entry  About  Search  Log In
Hamilton Index – I

Hamilton Papers Index: I

Back to all Founding Era indexes Back to Hamilton Papers top level

Note: page numbers refer to the letterpress edition. Footnotes that have been moved to the end of documents in the digital edition will appear on a different virtual “page,” but the hyperlink will point to the new location.


I’ans (J’ans), Francis: New York City merchant, and Hamilton’s law practice, III 9
Ibbotson, Joseph D., and S.N.D. North: eds., Documentary History of Hamilton College, XV 642n, XIX 147n
Iberville River, La., XIX 222
Ibrahim (Ottoman emperor), XXIV 317, 318n
Icaria (Ikaria), see Nicaria
Île aux Noix (Isle of Noix) (now Fort Lennox), Canada: British post (American Revolution), I 294
Île de France: U.S. trade with, V 469, VI 29, XIII 403n; and U.S. trade with India, XVI 360
Illinois country: commerce in, XI 22–26, XV 295; Spanish encouragement of American immigration to, XV 289
Illinois River, Northwest Territory, XXIII 388; armed boats for, XI 23n; commerce on, XI 25; interior communication by, XXIII 392; and tracts sold by Board of Treasury, XVI 153n
Illuminati, Order of: in New England, XXV 20–21n, 21–22
Imlay, Gilbert: A Topographical description of the Western Territory of North America …, XX 12–13n
Imlay, James H.: comment on Additional Army candidate (N.J.), XXII 124
Imlay, William: commissioner of loans (Conn.), XV 396, accounts, XIII 284–85, appointment, VI 590n, appropriation for expenses, XIII 127, pay, VI 537, payments to, for interest on public debt, XIII 97, 567, 571, XV 528, XVII 530, for invalid pensions, XIII 87, 569, XV 525, XVII 526, for pay, XIII 123, 565, for pay and expenses, XIII 79, XV 515, XVII 514; Continental commissioner to settle accounts in Mass., XI 57n, XVI 95n; Continental loan officer (Conn.), accounts, VI 120, 513, pay, 303; receiver of Continental taxes (Conn.), XV 498. See also “Treasury Department circulars to the commissioners of loans” and “Treasury Department circulars to the Continental loan officers”
Impeachment: of Samuel Chase and John Pickering, XXVI 192–93n; discussion of, at Constitutional Convention, IV 162–63, 170–71; Hamilton on, at Constitutional Convention, IV 201, 204, 209, in discussion of Jefferson’s administration, XXV 556, in The Federalist, IV 570–75, 575–81, 592, 594, 625, 643, 665, 676–77, 703; of judges, Robert G. Harper on, XXVI 190–92; provision for in Constitution, Hamilton on at N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 138, 142, 151, 152, 153, 168–69, 192; and treaty-making power in Constitution, XX 25n
Imperial East India Company: and China trade, IX 39n
Imports: and domestic manufactures, IX 371–72; duties on, see Duties and Impost; from France, value of and collectors of customs, XI 484–86, 528–29; report on, XVI 9–10, for year ending September 30, 1790, IX 510, 526; returns of, XVI 11n, and collectors of customs, IX 16, 81, 496, for the year ending September 30, 1791, XI 142–43
Impost: and bounties, III 300; collection of, III 354–56; and Confederation, IV 55, X 424n; and Continental Congress, X 424n, 437n; dissent of N.Y. legislature (1781), V 113n, 115; Hamilton on, in Constitutional Convention, IV 180, 187, 199, in Continental Congress, III 210, 213–23, 248, 261–62, 262, 263–64, 285, 285n, 298–99, 354–55, in “The Continentalist,” III 78–81, 99–100, 105, in The Federalist, IV 348, 400, 486, in “H.G. Letters,” V 275–76, 277–78, 279–81, 288–89, in N.Y. Assembly, IV 2, 4–19, 48, 71–92, 97n, in N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 98, 103, 107, 115–17, 123–24, 126–27, 131, 132, 134, 159, 172, 173; in N.Y. State, IV 103, XXV 367n, Hamilton on, IV 44–45; and payment of state debts, V 415; John Rutledge on, in Continental Congress, III 262n; Melancton Smith on, in N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 92–93, 165n; and states, V 415, 508; John Williams on, in N.Y. Ratifying Convention, V 94n
Impressment of seamen, see Seamen, impressment of
Indents, see Paper money
Independence Day (1801): celebration of, in Newport, R.I., XXV 395–96n
The [Boston] Independent Chronicle: and the Universal Advertiser: and Jay Treaty, XVIII 484n
The [Philadelphia] Independent Gazetteer, and Agricultural Repository, XII 390n
The [Philadelphia] Independent Gazetteer; or, the Chronicle of Freedom, III 277n, IV 593n, VI 292n; publisher of, see Oswald, Eleazer
The [N.Y.] Independent Journal: or, the General Advertiser: editor of, see McLean, John
“Independent Volunteers,” New York City: and Quasi-War, XXII 164
India, VII 210, 381, VIII 398; and China trade, IX 43, 45; cotton manufactures from, X 93; duties on goods from, VII 375–76; and Napoleonic wars, XXII 188, 220; saltpetre from, XVI 605–6n; Adam Smith on, X 286n, and tea from, duties on, VIII 20–21, 539; trade with, I 378, 387, IX 143; U.S. trade with, V 469, 479, VI 29, XVI 360n, and Jay Treaty, XVIII 432–35, 465, XXI 114; yarn imported from, IX 438
India bill (1783): defeated by House of Lords, IV 611
Indiana Company: claim of, and Va. ratification of Constitution, V 13, 14n
Indian Department: payments to, (1790) VI 529–30, (1791) IX 471, 474, 475, (1792) XIII 49–50, 133, 295–96, XV 524–25, (1793) XV 570; and Quasi-War, XXIII 230; supplies for, XI 570n, XII 628n, XIII 372–76
Indians, III 102, VI 258, 422, X 452, XI 344, XV 175, XVI 67–68, 481, XVII 318, XVIII 469, XIX 36, XXV 362, 595; administration and supplies, payments for, VI 535, 536, 537, 540, VIII 115, 164, 246–47, 562–63, IX 457, 471–74, X 536, XI 10, 350, 398, XII 185–87, 213, 289, 301, 303n, XIII 49, 89, 111, 145, 295, 327–28, 471n, 479, 502, XIV 45, 47, 52, 129, 211, 322–23, 441, 463, XV 538, 541, 572, 573, 578, 618–19, 621–22, XVII 481n, 521, 527, 541, 549, XXIV 344–45, XXVI 459n, 620–21, 667–68n, 689–90, 693; agent for Indian affairs, see Butler, Richard; attacks by (1791), VIII 124, 213n, 343n, 476, 562; attacks on, in Southwest, IX 209, 210; Board of Commissioners for, in American Revolution, see American Revolution: Indians (see also Congress [under Articles of Confederation]); Tench Coxe on, in drafts of “Report on Manufactures,” X 20, XXVI 640; expedition against by Josiah Harmar (1790), VII 112–13, 173, 416, 608–13, VIII 164, 165n, 213n, 343n, X 374–75n, XI 240, XII 301, XV 606n, XXVI 571, 572n, 626n, 667–68n; expedition against by Arthur St. Clair (1791), VIII 96, 124, 247n, 343n, 532, 562–63, IX 210–11n, X 373, 374–75n, 501n, 563–64n, XI 16, 108, 240, 252n, 398n, XII 289n, XIV 105n, 323n, XV 606–7n, XXVI 627n, 689–90, 693, and Henry Knox, X 395n, 563–64n; and exploration and settlement of North America, III 703, 707, 708, 712; and Edmond Charles Genet, XV 624; and “Georgia Compact,” XXVI 81n; Hamilton on, at Constitutional Convention, IV 198, in The Federalist, IV 320, 420–21, 422, 425, in “Report on Manufactures,” X 30, in 1795 “Report on Public Credit,” XVIII 65–66, 81; hostility of, and settlement of Presque Isle, XVI 426–27, 506n, XVII 385n; and instructions for Jay mission to Great Britain, XVI 319n, 321, 322, 325n, 326n, 328n; interpreter, see Nicholson, Joseph, and Williams, Isaac; and Jay Treaty, Hamilton on, XVIII 405–6, 407–8, 495, XIX 14, 116–17, 119, 135–36n, 138, 141–45, 172–73, 176, 185, 187–98, 208–15, 221–23, 231, XX 29, 31, Washington on, XVIII 462; Jefferson on, in first annual address to Congress, XXV 445; Jefferson’s draft of address to (1793), XIV 200; and Samuel Kirkland, XXVI 511n; lands of, cession to N.Y., XIX 18n, purchase by N.Y., XXV 368; and La. Purchase, Hamilton on, XXVI 132; meetings with, (1792) XIV 11–13, (1792–1793) XIII 213–14, 214–15n, 326–28n, 382–84, 479–80, 480n, 502, (1794) XVI 428n, 591; Medad Mitchell’s description of, XI 22–26; Medad Mitchell on trade with (1793), XV 288–300; negotiations of Lafayette with, III 580; and negotiations with Holland Land Company and Robert Morris, XXI 297, 300n, 303–4, 337n; N.Y. relations with, V 359, 361n, VIII 213, 217–18, 241; peace with, and sale of public lands, XVIII 50; preparations for and conduct of campaign against (1792–1794), XI 191, 398n, XII 185–87, XIII 225, 262, XIV 105n, 323n, 492, XV 212n, 633–34n, XVI 364–65, 407, 427, James Madison on, XI 433; proposed as buffer state by British, XI 447n, XIX 117n; proposed meeting to negotiate treaty with, XIV 9–13, 89–90, 91n, 105n, 132, 138–39, 142–43, 219–20, 227–28, 323n, 494; prospects of war with (1791), VIII 269; and public debt, XII 327, 365, 486, 571, funding of, XIII 268; in Quasi-War, XXII 455–57, 461n, 517–18, 578–79n, XXIII 37n, 38, 87–88, 93, 103–4, 115, 121–22n, 127–29, 131–32, 136–37, 145, 147, 157–58, 196, 209, 290, 330–31, 399, 404–7, 418, 517, 535, 657, XXIV 344–45, 346n, 356, 358, and John F. Hamtramck, XXII 578n, XXIII 115, 120, 146, 165, 209, 230–32, 392, 440, 441n, 475, 657, XXIV 18, 81n, 109, 296, 302, and John J.U. Rivardi, XXII 573, XXIII 5, 160, XXIV 338, 352–53, 440–41, 469–70, 570, and James Wilkinson, XXII 456, 555n, 579n, XXIII 3n, 32, 34, 46, 125, 127, 132, 303, 378, 381, 383–86, 388, 590, 598, XXIV 13, 32, 296, 303–4; relations with, in Ga., XIV 490–95, XV 315–16, 643–44n, XVI 600, XVII 272–75, XIX 14, 362–63n, 461, XXVI 81n, Washington’s proclamation on, XIV 339; relations with, in Ky., XVI 244–45, 600; Arthur St. Clair on, VI 550–51; and Scioto Company, XXVI 652; southern Indians, commissioners to negotiate treaty with, see Griffin, Cyrus, and Humphreys, David, and Lincoln, Benjamin; superintendent of Indian affairs, Northern Department, see Butler, Richard, and Lovelass, George, deputy, see Livingston, James, Southern Department, see Winn, Richard; and survey of Ohio and Miami purchases, XI 361–62; and Symmes Purchase, XIII 472n; trade with, XI 347; treaties with, VIII 241–42, 544, 545, 546n, IX 402, X 373, 374n, XI 10, 416, 448n, XIII 89, 111, XIV 72n, 73, 75, 90–91n, 129, 140n, XV 524, 541, 572, 573, 578, 585n, 605, XVII 527, 541, 549, XIX 143, XX 29, 31, 113n, 121, 126n, 147, 447–48n, XXI 297, 337n, XXV 362n, 368n, 595n, XXVI 165, 548; treaties with Six Nations and western tribes (1787–1788), VI 485, 523, 537, 540–41; Treaty of Fort Stanwix, XIX 135n; Treaty of Greenville (1795), XIX 362n, 461, XX 113n, 121, 126n, 128–30n, 147, XXIII 34, 88, 103–4; and Treaty of Utrecht (1713), XIX 172n; U.S. commission to (1793), XIV 90–91n, 143n, 175n, 228, 547n; U.S. relations with, (1783), XXVI 435–37, (1789) XXVI 511n, (1790) XIV 43, XXVI 510–11, (1791) XIV 441n, (1792) XII 146–47, 259, 327, 486, 499, 558–61, XIII 268, XXVI 652, (1793) XIV 11–13, 90–91, 105n, 142–43, 200, 323n, 490–95, 551, XV 211, 584–85, 633, (1794) XVII 88n, and with Great Britain, VI 485, 495, 496n, 540–51, Hamilton on, (1791) VIII 269, (1792) XII 364, 499, 559–61, 571, (1793) XV 194, 429, (1794) XVI 13, XVII 86, 584, (1795) XIX 461, 465–66, 467, Hamilton on administration of (1795), XVIII 240, House of Representatives on (1795), XIX 497n, in North and Northwest (and Anglo-U.S. relations), VI 485, 495, 496n, 550–51, Arthur St. Clair on, (1790–1795), XIII 288, 289n, and with Spain, VI 547–48, XIII 27–28, XIV 490–94, XV 7, 288–300, 621, 652, XVI 13, 241n, 515n, 566, 567n, 600, XVII 322, 360, XIX 14–15n, 173n, XX 526, XXI 33, 213, XXIII 125, 518–19, XXVI 166, 174, 549n, Washington on, (1791) VIII 241–42, IX 401–2, (1795) XIX 362–63; U.S. war against (1793), XV 211, 633; visit of, to Philadelphia, XI 372–78; Washington on, XVIII 462; Anthony Wayne’s campaign against, XVII 114n, 322, 341n, XXVI 688n, 702n, Battle of Fallen Timbers, XVII 114n, 124n, 323n; and western posts, XI 347; and James Wilkinson (1803), XXVI 165–66, 174; and XYZ affair, XXI 443n. See also Alibamon Indians and Cherokee Indians and Chickamauga Indians and Chickasaw Indians and Chippewa Indians and Choctaw Indians and Creek Indians and Delaware Indians and Five Nations and Indian Department and Iroquois Indians and Kaskaskia Indians and Miami Indians and Mississippi Indians and Mohawk Indians and Oneida Indians and Onondago Indians and Ottowa Indians and Panton, Leslie, and Company, and Penobscot Indians and Potawatomie Indians and St. Francis Indians and Seneca Indians and Shawnee Indians and Six Nations and Talapoosas Indians and Tuscarora Indians and Wabash Indians and Wyandot Indians
Indian Town, N.C.: surveyor of customs at, accounts, XI 235
[Calcutta] Indian World: founder and editor of, XXV 174n
Indigo: duty on, proposed, XXVI 514; production of, X 100, 182, 294; regulation of, British, XIII 424n, 430, 434, France, XIII 424n, 430, 434; tare on, VIII 390
Individual rights, see Rights of the individual
Individuals: government responsibility for rights of, Hamilton on, in Constitutional Convention, IV 222n, in The Federalist, IV 500, 661–62; government responsibility for security of, Hamilton on, in Constitutional Convention, IV 192, 204, 207, 220; need for national government to deal directly with, Hamilton on, in The Federalist, IV 367
Industry (brig): captured by French ship of war, XVI 602
Industry (schooner): and customs regulations, VII 456
Industry (schooner): and Hamilton’s law practice, XVIII 44
Industry (schooner from Va.): and customs regulations, IX 453, 505
Industry (French schooner): fitted out as privateer, and capture of British ship, XV 256n, 383n
Industry (sloop from Charleston, S.C.), XXVI 92
Industry (sloop from Newport, R.I.): and customs regulations, VIII 470, X 508–9
Ingersoll, Elizabeth (Mrs. Jared), XVII 261
Ingersoll, George: Regular Army (Quasi-War), XXII 605, 606, 607, 608, 611, XXIII 76, 156, 165–66, 606, 620, 621, 622, 623, 625, 628, 630, 665, 687, XXIV 331–32, 334, 379, 392, 610, 616, 623, 626, 640, 652, 654, XXV 12n
Ingersoll, Jared: Philadelphia attorney, and Bank of Pa., III 502; attorney general of Pa., VI 515, IX 88, XV 143, and excise opposition (1792), XII 309n, 367n, 594, XXVI 837, and Gideon Henfield case, XIV 510n, and “new loan” certificates, XXII 114n, opinion on “new loan” certificates, XII 143–46, XVI 120, opinion on Pa. land purchase, IX 239–40, 245, 485, and “Reynolds Affair,” XXI 128, 274–75, 280, and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 9–14, 261–62, 315–17; career, XX 573n; and Hamilton’s law practice, XXI 334n; possible Minister to France, XVI 422; possible mission to France, XX 573, XXI 23
Ingersoll, Jonathan: comment on Additional Army candidate (Conn.), XXII 278
Inglis, James: New York City businessman, XXII 181
Inglis, James, Jr., XXI 364, XXII 182; Hamilton’s law clerk, XXI 357, and application as New York City notary, XXII 181, 372, XXIII 62
Inglis, John: partner in London mercantile firm, XVI 525n; and protested bills of Alexander Macomb, XII 30
Inglis, John (N.C.): Army (American Revolution), back pay, XVI 451
Inglis (Ingliss), Samuel, and Company: payment for interest on loan office certificate, XIII 100, 139
Ingraham, ——: shipmaster, XVI 447n
Ingraham, Duncan, 3rd: Additional Army candidate (N.Y.), XXII 319, 325, 339
Ingraham, Francis: Additional Army candidate (Bucks County, Pa.), XXII 141
Ingraham, Francis: Philadelphia merchant, agent for William Duer, XI 174, 187, XIV 302, 303n, 319, XV 108
Ingraham, Nathaniel G.: New York City merchant, shipowner, and land speculator, XXIII 10n; and Hamilton’s law practice, XXV 343
Inland duties, see Distilled spirits: duties on, and Duties and Excise and Impost and individual products
Inland navigation, see Commerce
Inman, William: and Hamilton’s law practice, XXII 178–79
Innes, Harry: U.S. judge for District of Ky., IX 211n, pay, XIII 56, 563, XV 503, XVII 502; payment to, for seal, XIII 102
Innes, James, XIV 545; Army (American Revolution), I 491; commissioner to Ky. on Miss. River navigation, XVII 283–84; and Hamilton’s abortive duel with James Monroe, XXI 319n; member of mixed commission on pre-Rev. War debts (Jay Treaty), XX 81n, XXII 65n; possible Minister to France, XVI 423n; Washington’s opinion of, for cabinet post, XIX 358, 396
Inskeep, John: proprietor of Philadelphia stage line, and mail contract, VII 378–79, XVI 207; payments to, as agent, XIII 106, 137, 140, 141, 143, 563
“Inspector”: pseudonym of author attacking Hamilton’s relationship with Washington in American Revolution, IV 281
Inspector general: and proposed Army after American Revolution, III 51n, 382, 392, 395. See also American Revolution, Army, and Steuben, Frederick William Augustus Henry Ferdinand, baron von, and United States Army (Quasi-War)
Inspectors of customs: and customs regulations, VI 429, enforcement of, VIII 345, 542, IX 198, 205; duties of, VI 384–85, 393, VII 89, 380, VIII 340, 366, 371–72, 384–86, 389, 427–28n, 442, 527, XI 524–28, 601–5, XII 15–16, 49–50; at Edgartown, Mass., XII 68; for N.Y., see Dodge, Samuel; pay, VI 302, VIII 369, X 522–23, XII 15–16, 49–50, XIV 158; for Perth Amboy, N.J., see Smith, John Allen
Inspectors of the revenue for the ports, XVI 603n; for Alexandria, Va., see Gray, Vincent; for Annapolis, Md., see Davidson, John, and Randall, John; appointment of, XI 74; for Baltimore, Md., see Ballard, Robert, and Delozier, Daniel; for Bennet’s Creek, N.C., see Baker, John; for Bristol, R.I., see Bosworth, Samuel and Munro, William; for Burlington, N.J., see Burr, William H.; for Cedar Point, Md., see Jones, John Coates; duties of, XVIII 151; duties, pay, and relationship to other port officers, VIII 191, 366–82, 383, 384–86, 389, 442, IX 430, X 522–23, XI 524–28, 601–5, XII 15–19, 46–56; for Edenton, N.C., see Tredwell, Samuel; and enforcement of customs regulations, XI 393–94; for Fredericksburg, Va., see Lewis, William; for Georgetown, S.C., see Brown, Charles; for Hampton, Va., see Jones, Thomas; for New Haven, Conn., see Munson, William; for Newport, R.I., see Dexter, John S.; for Nottingham, Md., see Biscoe, George; for New York City, petition for increase in pay, XVIII 216n; for Pasquotank River Bridge, N.C., see Sawyer, Edmund; for Pawtucket, R.I., see Barton, William, Jr.; pay, XI 458, XII 93, XVIII 216n, 218–19; for Philadelphia, Pa. see Jackson, William, and Macpherson, William, and Stewart, Walter; for Plankbridge, N.C., see Gregory, Isaac; for Plymouth, N.C., see Armstead, John, and Freeman, Thomas Davis; for Portsmouth, N.H., see Martin, Thomas; for Providence, R.I., see Barton, William, Jr.; for St. Marys, Ga., see Seagrove, James; site of office of, VI 429; for Smithfield, Va., see Parker, Copeland; for Snow Hill, Md., see Gunby, John, and Selby, William; for Thomaston, District of Me., see Winslow, Samuel; for Washington, N.C., see Keais, Nathan; for Wilmington, N.C., see Callender, Thomas; for Winton, N.C., see Wynne, William; for Yorktown, Va., see Archer, Abraham, and Reynolds, William. See also Inspectors of the revenue for the survey and Revenue officers
Inspectors of the revenue for the survey, VI 377, VIII 185, 245, 311, XVI 107, 603, XVIII 276n; appointments, VIII 366n, XI 74, for Conn., see Chester, John; for District of Me., appointments in, XVIII 233–34; duties of, VIII 207, 237, 383–87, XII 346–47n; and enforcement of customs regulations, VIII 495–96; Hamilton on, XXV 509–10, in “First Report on the Further Provision Necessary for Establishing Public Credit,” VII 221, 222, 235, in “Report on Public Credit,” VI 139–40, 143, 145, 146, 151, 154, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164; Jefferson on, XXV 446n, 504, 509–10; for Ky., see Marshall, Thomas; for Mass., appointment and pay, VIII 189 (see also Jackson, Jonathan, and Jarvis, Leonard); for Md., appointment and pay, VIII 151, XII 95, duties, XII 94–95 (see also Richardson, William, and Ritchie, John, and Thomas, Philip); for N.C., appointment and pay, VIII 189–90, XII 90–95, selection for, IX 84–85 (see also Benbury, Thomas, and Daves, John, and McDowell, Joseph [Pleasant Gardens], and Murfee, Hardy, and Read, James, and Tredwell, Samuel, and Whitaker, John); office of, abolished by Jefferson, XXV 446; for Ohio, District of, see Sproat, Ebenezer; pay, XIV 158, XVIII 168; for Pa., appointment and pay, VIII 189, XII 89 (see also Collins, James, and Hand, Edward, and Neville, John); for R.I., see Dexter, John S.; for S.C., appointment and pay, VIII 190, 331, XII 90, 95, selection for, IX 9 (see also Cudworth, Benjamin, and Evans, David Reid, and Walker, Silvanus; for Va., appointment and pay, VIII 190, 331, XII 90, 95, sealso, Brackenridge, James, and Carrington, Mayo, and Marshall, Thomas, and Newtown, Thomas, Jr., and Ragsdale, Drury, and Smith, Edward, and Stevens, Edward). See also Inspectors of the revenue for the ports and Revenue officers
Instruction concernant l’Exercice et les Manœuvres des Troupes à Cheval …, XXIII 54n
Instruction provisoire arrêteé par le Roi concernant l’exercice et les manœuvres de l’infanterie, XXIV 474n
Instruction provisoire arrêteé par le Roi concernant l’Exercice et les Manœuvres des Troupes à Cheval, XXIII 54n
“Instructions for Firing Ordnance,” XXIII 288n
Instruments: of arts and science, duty on, proposed, X 44–45, XXVI 645; mathematical, manufacture of, X 170, 283; surgical, duty on, proposed, X 45, XXVI 645
Insurance policies: tax on, William Bingham’s proposal for, V 550, proposed, XXI 100, 106
Insurrection, see Sedition
Internal improvements: Hamilton on, in “Report on Manufactures,” X 61, 90, 97, 150, 182–83, 276, 295–96
International law, see Law of nations
Interstate commerce, see Commerce
Invalid corps, see American Revolution, Army
Invalid pensions, see Public credit and public debt, pensions and annuities
Inventions: encouragement of, Hamilton on in “Report on Manufactures,” X 36–37, 48, 114–15, 192–93, 228–29, 250–51, 307–9; protection of, VI 277–78, Washington on, VII 307–8; role of, in economy, X 2; society to promote, proposed by Hamilton, XXIII 601, 602
Ionia, Asia Minor, I 396
Ionian Islands: conquest of, by Russian-Turkish fleet (1799), XXII 377n
Ipswich, Mass., VI 422n, and Hamilton’s trip to New England (1800), XXIV 583; lace manufacturing in, X 222, 333; surveyor of customs at, accounts, XI 234
Iredell, James, XXVI 837; associate justice of the Supreme Court of the U.S., IX 503, XV 20, XXII 423, and contractor for Bald Head, N.C. lighthouse, XIV 230–31, pay, XIII 53, 564, XV 499, XVII 499, and separation of three depts. of Government, XV 111n, and trial of John Fries, XXVI 67n, writs of error from Circuit Courts to Supreme Court, XI 46–48n
Iredell (Iredel) County, N.C.: excise survey, VIII 190, IX 429
Ireland, II 327, III 571, 634n, IV 507, V 239n, 342n, 434n, VII 22, VIII 7n, 240n, IX 453, XV 61, XVII 350; and American independence, I 59–60, 61, 100n, 147–48; and American Revolution, II 382; banks in, VIII 219; bounties in, and linen manufacturing, X 18, 36, 110, 123, 214, XXVI 638; commerce of, I 377–78, VI 29; cotton manufacturing in, IX 216–17, 436–37; Dublin Society for Promoting Husbandry and Other Useful Arts in Ireland, IX 437n, 439; elections in, IV 505–6; excise laws of, XII 596; French fleet attack on, II 128; House of Commons, IX 437n; immigrants from, IV 66–67, VIII 18, 436, XI 328–29, XX 259n; manufacturing in, XI 244–45; and Napoleonic wars, XXI 198, 292, 499, 500n, 505, 525, 533, XXII 229–30, 231n, XXIII 193; rebellion in, XXI 199, 488–89, XXII 45, 46n, 219–20, 231–32n; relations with Great Britain, II 318, III 552; U.S. exports to, V 556, VI 23; and U.S. trade, XIII 428–31
John Ireland adsm William Post: and Hamilton’s law practice, III 67
Iris (H.M.S.), II 332
Iron: ball, duty on, proposed, X 35, manufacture of, XXVI 632, 638; bounties, in Great Britain and Ireland, X 121; British regulation of, XIII 426–27; castings, duty on, X 44, proposed, XXVI 645; and China trade, IX 39, 42; Tench Coxe on, X 315n; duty on, X 16–17n, 200, 315–16, XII 61, XXVI 516, proposed, X 17, 41, 120, 121, 316, 317, XI 145, XXVI 516; and East India trade, X 41–42, 121; furnaces and companies, IX 281 (see also Cicil Iron Company and Furnace Hope); imports, X 201; manufacture of, X 25, 41–42, 102, 103, 120–22, 169, 198–203, 283, 284, 314–18, in Conn., IX 323, 328–29, 335, 344, 350, 351, encouragement of, X 19, in N.J., IX 193, in Providence, R.I., IX 440, 447, in Va., IX 277, 281; mines of, X 198, 314; and naval armament, XVI 540, 586, XVII 458; pig and bar, duty on, X 41, 121, 202–3, 318, manufacture of, X 199n, regulation of, British, XIII 412, 431, 435, France, XIII 426, 431, 435; price of, X 200, 315; production of, X 25, 45, 100, 182, 294; and use of coal, X 198, 205, 314, 319; wire, manufacture of, and Society for Establishing Useful Manufactures, XII 215
Iron Banks, Southwest Territory, XV 290, 295, 298, 298–99
Iron Hill, Del.: and American Revolution, I 319
Iroquois Indians, III 707; and American Revolution, II 58n; leader of, XI 377n; treaty with, XX 31
Irvin, see also Irvine and Irwin
Irvin, Andrew: Additional Army candidate (Pa.), XXII 135
Irvine, —— (Mr.): and coroner’s inquest into Hamilton’s death, XXVI 319n
Irvine, Callender (son of William Irvine): Regular Army (Quasi-War), XXII 540, 551, XXIII 76, 212, 636, 686, XXIV 238, 643, 655, 663, XXV 236
Irvine (Irvin), James: Additional Army candidate (Pa.), XXII 137
Irvine (Irvin), Samuel: Additional Army candidate (Pa.), XXII 139, 146
Irvine, William, XV 539, XXVI 667; Army (American Revolution), II 71, 73n, 150, 159, 160, 184, 222, 375, 548, pay for expenses while prisoner at Quebec, VI 531, XIII 104, 146; career, XXII 137n, XXVI 667n; clerk, comptroller’s office, Treasury Department, pay, XIII 464, XV 579, XVII 541; comments on Additional Army candidates (Pa. and Md.), XXII 137, 139, 144, 145, 298; commissioner to settle accounts between states and U.S., XII 527, XIX 37–38n, accounts, XII 546, pay and expenses, XIII 137, 138, 143, 144, 563, XV 513, XVII 511, report, XV 252–53, XVI 42, 43n; illness of son (Quasi-War), XXIV 238, 641, 656, XXV 236; member, House of Representatives (Pa.), and investigation of Treasury Department, XV 462; opinion on conditions for Indian expedition, IX 209, 210; payment for interest on loan office certificate, XIII 100, 142; proposed as Secretary of War, XIX 439; superintendent of military stores, Philadelphia, XXV 236n; and Whiskey Insurrection, XVII 131n, 208
Irvine, William: Additional Army candidate (Pa.), XXII 135
Irving, David: Army (Quasi-War), XXIII 511n
Irving, John Treat: Additional Army candidate (N.Y.), XXII 90, 106
Irving, Washington: Life of George Washington, XVIII 373n
Irwin, Jared: Ga. militia, and Elijah Clarke’s settlement on the Oconee, XVI 601n, XVII 274n
Irwin, Ray W.: The Diplomatic Relations of the United States with the Barbary Powers, 1776–1816, XXVI 456n
Irwin, Robert: assistant to marshal of District of Ky., pay, XIII 566
Irwin (Irvin), Thomas: Philadelphia merchant and shipowner, and John B. Church’s account with Hamilton, III 11, 570–71
Ish, John: murdered by Indians, XVII 273
Isle Hero, Vt., see North Hero Island, Vt.
Isle of France, see Île de France
Isle of Wight County, Va.: excise survey, IX 428
Isles of Shoals, N.H. and Me.: and exploration and settlement of North America, III 710
Israel, —— (Mr.): and Hamilton’s law practice, III 25, IV 234
Italian states: Hamilton on, in The Federalist, IV 314
Italy, V 357, 469, XXV 332, 335, XXVI 124; banks in, VII 257, 306; coins and coinage in, VII 481–82, 484, 489, 545, 584; French acquisitions in (Treaty of Lunéville, 1801), XXV 332–33n; Hamilton on, in The Farmer Refuted, I 104, in The Federalist, IV 314, 333–34, in “Pay Book,” I 378, 380, in “Report on the Bank,” VII 257, 306, in “Report on the Mint,” VII 481–82, 484, 489, 545, 584; David Hume on agriculture in, X 241n; possibility of loans in, VII 13, 352, 433; war in, (1795) XIX 121, (1796) XX 339, 399, 415–16, (1797) XX 508, XXI 31, 115, 203, (1798) XXII 229, (1799) XXIII 265–66, (1800) XXIV 227, (1801) XXV 327
Iveham, see Evesham
Ives, Thomas P.: partner in Brown, Benson, and Ives, and impeachment of Jeremiah Olney, XIV 217–18
Izard, George (son of Ralph Izard): Army (Quasi-War), XXIII 75, aide to Hamilton, XXIV 47, 49, 105, retains commission, XXIV 287–88, 290–91; secretary to William L. Smith, XXIV 251–52, 267–68, 280–81, 290–91, 317, 351, 402
Izard, Ralph, XI 545, XXIV 47, 105; delegate, Continental Congress (S.C.), I 113n, 414, and provisional peace treaty, I 366; and origin of the Navy, XVI 308n; relief for French refugees, XV 601; U.S. Senator (S.C.), VI 278n, XVI 43, XVIII 353, house in New York City, XIX 312, 313n, and neutrality (1794), XV 262, pay, XIII 59, 60, 61, 62, XV 505, XVII 504