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Ratification by the States | Volume IV: Massachusetts, No. 1 | Documents

I: The Debate over the Constitution in Massachusetts, 5 September–25 October 1787
IntroductionNuma: Political and Moral Entertainment VII, Hampshire Gazette, 5 SeptemberElbridge Gerry in the Constitutional Convention, 12–17 SeptemberElbridge Gerry to John Adams, New York, 20 SeptemberMercy Warren to Abigail Adams, Milton, 22 SeptemberJames Sullivan to Rufus King, Boston, 23 SeptemberThomas Dwight to Nathan Dane, Springfield, 25 September§ Editors’ Note: The Publication of the Constitution in Massachusetts, 25 September 1787–9 January 1788James Sullivan to Rufus King, Boston, 28 SeptemberMercy Warren to Catherine Macaulay Graham, Milton, 28 SeptemberJeremy Belknap to Ebenezer Hazard, Boston, 29 SeptemberMassachusetts Centinel, 29 SeptemberA True American, Massachusetts Centinel, 29 SeptemberNathaniel Ames Diary, Dedham, 30 SeptemberThomas L. Winthrop to Joseph Winthrop, Boston, 30 SeptemberFrom Henry Knox: New York, SeptemberAmerican Herald, 1 OctoberCassius, Massachusetts Gazette, 2 OctoberWilliam Bentley Diary, Salem, 3 OctoberMassachusetts Centinel, 3 OctoberEssex Journal, 3, 17, and 24 OctoberWorcester Magazine, 4 OctoberCumberland Gazette, 4 OctoberDavid, Independent Chronicle, 4 OctoberObservator, Independent Chronicle, 4 OctoberThe Boston Press and the Constitution, 4 October–22 DecemberWilliam Cranch to John Quincy Adams, Boston, 5 OctoberMassachusetts Gazette, 5 OctoberMassachusetts Centinel, 6 OctoberThe Grand Constitution, Massachusetts Centinel, 6 OctoberChristopher Gore to Rufus King, Boston, 7 OctoberJames Madison to Edmund Randolph, New York, 7 OctoberJoshua B. Osgood to George Thatcher, Brownfield, 8 OctoberHartford American Mercury, 8 OctoberChesterfield Town Meeting: Instructions to Representative, 9 OctoberMassachusetts Gazette, 9 OctoberNathan Dane to Caleb Strong, New York, 10 OctoberHenry Van Schaack to Caleb Strong, Pittsfield, 10 OctoberJonathan Williams, Sr., to Benjamin Franklin, Boston, 10 October“A”, Essex Journal, 10 OctoberWilliam Heath Diary, Roxbury, 11 OctoberJohn Quincy Adams Diary, Newburyport, 12 OctoberJohn Quincy Adams Diary, Newburyport, 13 OctoberFrancis Dana to Rufus KingMassachusetts Centinel, 13 OctoberMassachusetts Centinel, 13 OctoberJohn Quincy Adams to William Cranch, Newburyport, 14 OctoberAmerican Herald, 15 OctoberHarrington, American Herald, 15 OctoberBoston Gazette, 15 OctoberBoston Gazette, 15 OctoberJohn Quincy Adams Diary, Haverhill, 17 OctoberMassachusetts Centinel, 17 OctoberOne of the People, Massachusetts Centinel, 17 OctoberShip News, 17 October–24 NovemberElbridge Gerry to James Warren, New York, 18 OctoberElbridge Gerry to the General Court, New York, 18 OctoberSamuel Henshaw to Henry Van Schaack, Northampton, 18 OctoberCumberland Gazette, 18 OctoberSolon, Independent Chronicle, 18 OctoberThe Worcester Speculator V, Worcester Magazine, 18 OctoberElisha May to David Daggett, Attleborough, 19 OctoberHenry Jackson to Henry Knox, Boston, 21 OctoberJohn De Witt I, American Herald, 22 OctoberWilliam Lyman to Joseph Clarke, Boston, 23 OctoberLycurgus, Massachusetts Gazette, 23 October§ Editors’ Note: The Massachusetts Reprinting of the Address of the Seceding Assemblymen of the Pennsylvania Assembly, 23 October–8 NovemberMonitor, Hampshire Gazette, 24 OctoberMassachusetts Centinel, 24 October“W. X.”, Massachusetts Centinel, 24 October§ Editors’ Note: The Massachusetts Reprinting of James Wilson's Speech of 6 October Before a Philadelphia Public Meeting, 24 October–15 NovemberEzekiel, Independent Chronicle, 25 OctoberCumberland Gazette, 25 October
II: Massachusetts Calls a State Convention, 18–25 October 1787III: The Debate over the Constitution in Massachusetts, 28 October 1787–12 February 1788
IntroductionRufus King to Henry Knox, Boston, 28 OctoberFrom Theodore Sedgwick, Boston, 28 OctoberJohn De Witt II, American Herald, 29 OctoberLycurgus, American Herald, 29 OctoberA Dialogue Between Mr. Schism and Mr. Cutbrush, Boston Gazette, 29 OctoberBoston Gazette, 29 OctoberWilliam Frost to George Thatcher, York, 30 October§ Editors’ Note: Nathaniel Gorham to Benjamin Franklin, Boston, 30 OctoberNathaniel Gorham to Henry Knox, Boston, 30 OctoberVox Populi, Massachusetts Gazette, 30 OctoberMassachusetts Gazette, 30 OctoberSalem Mercury, 30 OctoberHenry Gibbs to Simeon Baldwin, Salem, 31 OctoberCotton Tufts to Abigail Adams, Boston, 31 OctoberEssex Journal, 31 OctoberHampshire Gazette, 31 OctoberA Dialogue Between Mr. Z and Mr. &, Massachusetts Centinel, 31 OctoberResponses to An Old Whig I, Massachusetts Centinel, 31 OctoberMassachusetts Centinel, 31 OctoberMassachusetts Centinel, 31 OctoberHenry Van Schaack to David Van Schaack, Pittsfield, c. 31 OctoberRufus King and Nathaniel Gorham, Response to Elbridge Gerry's Objections, post-31 OctoberIsaiah, Independent Chronicle, 1 NovemberHenry Warren to Henry Van Schaack, Plymouth, 2 NovemberExaminer, Massachusetts Gazette, 2 NovemberMassachusetts Centinel, 3 NovemberHenry Jackson to Henry Knox, Boston, 5 NovemberJohn De Witt III, American Herald, 5 NovemberA Federalist, Boston Gazette, 5 NovemberVox Populi, Massachusetts Gazette, 6 NovemberEssex Journal, 7 NovemberA Dialogue Between Mr. Z and Mr. &, Massachusetts Centinel, 7 NovemberMassachusetts Centinel, 7 November“A. B.”, Massachusetts Centinel, 7 NovemberObservator, Independent Chronicle, 8 NovemberIndependent Chronicle, 8 NovemberIndependent Chronicle, 8 NovemberWorcester Magazine, 8 NovemberCumberland Gazette, 9 NovemberExaminer, Massachusetts Gazette, 9 NovemberJohn Adams to Thomas Jefferson, London, 10 NovemberThomas a Kempis, Massachusetts Centinel, 10 NovemberMassachusetts Centinel, 10 NovemberMassachusetts Centinel, 10 NovemberMassachusetts Centinel, 10 NovemberHenry Jackson to Henry Knox, Boston, 11 NovemberPortius, American Herald, 12 NovemberUnion, Boston Gazette, 12 NovemberBoston Gazette, 12 NovemberVox Populi, Massachusetts Gazette, 13 NovemberHanno, Massachusetts Gazette, 13 NovemberMassachusetts Gazette, 13 November“A. B.” to Elbridge Gerry, Massachusetts Centinel, 14 NovemberA Friend for Liberty, Massachusetts Centinel, 14 NovemberMassachusetts Centinel, 14 NovemberTruth: Disadvantages of Federalism, Upon the New Plan, Boston, 14–24 NovemberThomas Smith to John Dolbeare, 15 NovemberWilliam Symmes, Jr., to Peter Osgood, Jr. Andover, 15 NovemberCumberland Gazette, 15 NovemberConsideration, Independent Chronicle, 15 NovemberWorcester Speculator VII, Worcester Magazine, 15 NovemberElbridge Gerry to John Wendell, Cambridge, 16 NovemberVox Populi, Massachusetts Gazette, 16 NovemberCato's Soliloquy Parodied, Massachusetts Gazette, 16 NovemberCassius I, Massachusetts Gazette, 16 NovemberOne of the People, Massachusetts Centinel, 17 NovemberFederalist, Massachusetts Centinel, 17 NovemberAn American: The Crisis, Massachusetts Centinel, 17 NovemberHenry Jackson to Henry Knox, Boston, 18 NovemberJohn De Witt IV, American Herald, 19 NovemberGeorge Washington and Benjamin Franklin in the Constitutional Convention, Boston, 19–21 NovemberBoston Gazette, 19 NovemberPublic Creditors and the Constitution, Boston, 19 November“A. B.”: Lessons from the Book of Samuel, Massachusetts Gazette, 20 NovemberExaminer, Massachusetts Gazette, 20 NovemberCandor, Massachusetts Gazette, 20 NovemberMassachusetts Gazette, 20 NovemberGeorge Mason and the Constitution, 20 November–3 DecemberGeorge Mason's Objections to the Constitution, Massachusetts Centinel, 21 November–19 DecemberJoseph Savage to Samuel P. Savage, Springfield, 21 NovemberMassachusetts Centinel, 21 NovemberEssex Journal, 21 NovemberMonitor, Hampshire Gazette, 21 NovemberThomas B. Wait to George Thatcher, Portland, 22 NovemberCumberland Gazette, 22 NovemberCumberland Gazette, 22 NovemberAtticus III, Independent Chronicle, 22 NovemberThe Worcester Speculator VIII, Worcester Magazine, 22 November§ Editors’ Note: The Massachusetts Reprinting of the Brutus Essays, 22 November 1787–8 May 1788Agrippa I, Massachusetts Gazette, 23 NovemberCassius II, Massachusetts Gazette, 23 NovemberVox Populi, Massachusetts Gazette, 23 NovemberMassachusetts Gazette, 23 NovemberMassachusetts Centinel, 24 NovemberMassachusetts Centinel, 24 NovemberPropriety, Massachusetts Centinel, 24 NovemberChristopher Gore to George Thatcher, Boston, 25 NovemberHenry Jackson to Henry Knox, Boston, 25 NovemberWilliam Cranch to John Quincy Adams, Braintree, 26 NovemberA Federalist, Boston Gazette, 26 NovemberAgrippa II, Massachusetts Gazette, 27 NovemberCassius III, Massachusetts Gazette, 27 NovemberMassachusetts Gazette, 27 NovemberCotton Tufts to John Adams, Weymouth, 28 NovemberCato, Essex Journal, 28 NovemberOne of the Middling-Interest, Massachusetts Centinel, 28 NovemberValerius, Massachusetts Centinel, 28 NovemberJonathan Sayward Diary, York, 29 NovemberVirginia Journal, 29 NovemberCumberland Gazette, 30 NovemberAn American, Independent Chronicle, 30 NovemberCassius IV, Massachusetts Gazette, 30 NovemberCassius V, Massachusetts Gazette, 30 NovemberAgrippa III, Massachusetts Gazette, 30 NovemberJohn Quincy Adams Diary, Newburyport, 1 DecemberMentor, Massachusetts Centinel, 1 DecemberMassachusetts Centinel, 1 DecemberCincinnatus, Massachusetts Centinel, 1 DecemberBenjamin Lincoln to François de Fleury, Boston, 2 DecemberSamuel Adams to Richard Henry Lee, Boston, 3 DecemberJohn De Witt V, American Herald, 3 DecemberThe Monitor, American Herald, 3 DecemberAmerican Herald, 3 DecemberA Federalist, Boston Gazette, 3 DecemberBoston Gazette, 3 DecemberOne of the Common People, Boston Gazette, 3 DecemberThe Massachusetts Printing of Benjamin Franklin's Last Speech in the Constitutional Convention, 3–18 DecemberBoston Gazette, 3 DecemberNathaniel Gorham to Henry Knox, Charlestown, 4 DecemberAgrippa IV, Massachusetts Gazette, 4 DecemberMassachusetts Gazette, 4 DecemberTheodore Sedgwick to Henry Van Schaack, Stockbridge, 5 DecemberOne of the Middle-Interest, Massachusetts Centinel, 5 DecemberJohn Adams to Thomas Jefferson, London, 6 DecemberOliver Phelps to Elbridge Gerry, Granville, 6 DecemberCumberland Gazette, 6 DecemberCandidus I, Independent Chronicle, 6 DecemberAn American, Independent Chronicle, 6 DecemberMassachusetts Gazette, 7 DecemberJohn Quincy Adams to William Cranch, Newburyport, 8 DecemberJeremy Belknap to Ebenezer Hazard, Boston, 8 DecemberPhilo Publius, Massachusetts Centinel, 8 December“O”, Massachusetts Centinel, 8 DecemberThomas a Kempis, Massachusetts Centinel, 8 DecemberAmerican Herald, 10 DecemberAgrippa V, Massachusetts Gazette, 11 DecemberMassachusetts Gazette, 11 DecemberCornelius, Hampshire Chronicle, 11, 18 DecemberThomas a Kempis, Massachusetts Centinel, 12 DecemberMassachusetts Centinel, 12 December§ Editors’ Note: The Massachusetts Reprinting of James Wilson's 24 November Speech to the Pennsylvania Convention, 12–27 DecemberTheodore Sedgwick to Henry Van Schaack, Stockbridge, 13 DecemberJames Madison to Archibald Stuart, New York, 14 DecemberCassius VI, Massachusetts Gazette, 14 DecemberAgrippa VI, Massachusetts Gazette, 14 DecemberThomas a Kempis, Massachusetts Centinel, 15 DecemberMassachusetts Centinel, 15 DecemberNathaniel Gorham to Henry Knox, Charlestown, 16 DecemberAmerican Herald, 17 December“B”, Boston Gazette, 17 December
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