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Commentaries on the Constitution | Volume XIII: Commentaries on the Constitution, No. 1 | Documents

Introduction1. Resolution of Congress, 21 February 17872 A–B. Benjamin Rush and William Barton: Essays on the Means to Improve the Confederation3 A–C. The Idea of Separate Confederacies4. George Washington: To the Executives of the States (1783), Providence United States Chronicle, 15 March5 A–B. American Fear of British Domination, New York Journal, 15 March6. Charlestown American Recorder, 16 March7. Providence United States Chronicle, 29 March8. New Hampshire Spy, 3 April9. Philadelphia American Museum, 4 April10. George Washington's Election to the Convention, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 9 April11. Virginia Independent Chronicle, 11 April12. Massachusetts Centinel, 11 April13. Newport Herald, 12 April14. Benjamin Franklin's Election to the Convention, Massachusetts Centinel, 14 April15. Thomas Jefferson: On Violence in America, New Haven Gazette, 19 April16 A–F. John Adams: A Defence of the Constitutions17. Baltimore Maryland Gazette, 24 April18 A–G. Agrarian Unrest and the Constitution19. Pennsylvania Herald, 9 May20 A–C. Speculation about a New Constitution21. Z, Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 16 May22. Richard Price: On the American Government, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 16 May23. An Enquiry into the Principles of a Commercial System, Philadelphia, 19 May24. Pennsylvania Herald, 19 May25. Connecticut Legislature Debates the Appointment of Delegates to the Constitutional Convention, 12 May, Connecticut Courant, 21 May26. Baltimore Maryland Gazette, 22 May27. New York Journal, 24 May28. To the Political Freethinkers of America, New York Daily Advertiser, 24 May29. Harrington: To the Freemen of the United States, Pennsylvania Gazette, 30 May30 A–M. Reports of Constitutional Convention Proceedings, 30 May–13 September31. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 5 June32. Massachusetts Gazette, 5 June33. West-Chester Farmer: To the Citizens of America, New York Daily Advertiser, 8 June34. Pennsylvania Herald, 9 June35 A–B. Rhode Island and the Constitutional Convention36. Nestor, Massachusetts Centinel, 13 June37. New York Daily Advertiser, 18 June38. Richard Price to William Bingham, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 20 June39. Pennsylvania Herald, 20 June40 A–E. The Opposition to a New Constitution, 20 June–6 September41. Albany Gazette, 21 June42. Civis, Pennsylvania Packet, 25 June43. Philadephia Independent Gazetteer, 26 June44. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 27 June45. Massachusetts Centinel, 30 June46 A–D. The United States, Spain, and the Navigation of the Mississippi River47 A–F. Celebration of the Fourth of July48. Norwich Packet, 5 July49. Charleston Columbian Herald, 5 July50. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 6 July51 A–F. Monarchical Tendencies in America52. Petersburg Virginia Gazette, 26 July53. Charleston Columbian Herald, 26 July54. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 27 July55. Observations on the Articles of Confederation, New York, 27 July56. Pennsylvania Herald, 28 July57. Pennsylvania Gazette, 1 August58. Americanus, New York Daily Advertiser, 1 August59. An American, Massachusetts Centinel, 4 August60. Boston American Herald, 6 August61. Salem Mercury, 7 August62. New Hampshire Spy, 7 August63. Pennsylvania Gazette, 15 August64. New York Journal, 16 August65. Pennsylvania Packet, 20 August66. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 22 August67. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 22 August68. Pennsylvania Gazette, 22 August69. Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 29 August70. Pennsylvania Gazette, 29 August71. Pennsylvania Gazette, 29 August72. Pennsylvania Gazette, 5 September73. Pennsylvania Gazette, 12 September74. Pennsylvania Gazette, 12 September75. The Constitutional Convention, A Second General Convention, and A Bill of Rights, 12–15 September76. The Report of the Constitutional Convention, 17 September77 A–B. Benjamin Franklin: Speech in Convention, 17 September78. North Carolina Delegates to Governor Richard Caswell, Philadelphia, 18 September79. Pennsylvania Gazette, 19 September80. Phineas Bond to the Marquis of Carmarthen, Philadelphia, 20 September81. Benjamin Franklin to Jane Mecom, Philadelphia, 20 September82. Elbridge Gerry to John Adams, New York, 20 September83. James Madison to Edmund Pendleton, Philadelphia, 20 September84. Robert Milligan to William Tilghman, Philadelphia, 20 September85. Matthew M'Connell to William Irvine, Philadelphia, 20 September86. Roger Alden: Memorandum, New York, 21 September87. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 21 September88. Pennsylvania Packet, 22 September89. Don Diego de Gardoqui to Conde de Floridablanca, New York, 23 September90. George Washington to Former Virginia Governors, Mount Vernon, 24 September91. New York Daily Advertiser, 24 September92. St. Jean de Crevecoeur to le Maréchal de Castries, New York, 25 September93. William Samuel Johnson to Samuel William Johnson, New York, 25 September94. Daniel Shays to the Antifederal Junto in Philadelphia, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 25 September95. The Confederation Congress and the Constitution, 26–28 September§ Editors’ Note: Connecticut Convention Delegates to Governor Huntington, New London, 26 September96 A–B. Destiny and George Washington97. Strictures on the Proposed Constitution, Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 26 September98. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 26 September99. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 26 September100 A–C. An American Citizen: On the Federal Government101. Pennsylvania Gazette, 26 September102. Virginia Independent Chronicle, 26 September103. Cato I, New York Journal, 27 September104 A–B. Newport Herald and Providence United States Chronicle, 27 September105. Antoine de la Forest to Comte de Montmorin, New York, 28 September106. David Humphreys to George Washington, New Haven, 28 September107. Benjamin Rush to John Coakley Lettsom, Philadelphia, 28 September108. Maryland Journal, 28 September109. An American Citizen II: On the Federal Government, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 28 September110 A–B. Massachusetts Centinel, 29 September111. Curtius, New York Daily Advertiser, 29 September112. An American Citizen III: On the Federal Government, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 29 September113. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney to Sir Matthew White Ridley, New York, 29 September114. James Madison to George Washington, New York, 30 September115. Alexander Hamilton: Conjectures About the Constitution: September116. From Henry Knox: New York, September117. Richard Henry Lee to George Mason, New York, 1 October118 A–B. Reverend James Madison on the Constitution119. Pieter Johann Van Berckel to the States General, New York, 1 October120. Boston American Herald, 1 October121. Cæsar I, New York Daily Advertiser, 1 October122. Richard Henry Lee to William Shippen, Jr. New York, 2 October123. New Hampshire Spy, 2 October124. Foreign Spectator, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 2 October125 A–B. The Pennsylvania General Assembly and the Constitution126. Henry Knox to George Washington, New York, 3 October127. Arthur Lee to John Adams, New York, 3 October128. Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 3 October129. Poughkeepsie Country Journal, 3 October130. Social Compact, New Haven Gazette, 4 October131 A–N. The Press and the Constitution132. Richard Henry Lee to Samuel Adams, New York, 5 October133. Centinel I, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 5 October134. James Wilson: Speech at a Public Meeting in Philadelphia, 6 October135. The Grand Constitution, Massachusetts Centinel, 6 October136. Blessings of the New Government, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 6 October137. James Madison to Edmund Randolph, New York, 7 October138 A–B. George Mason: Objections to the Constitution, 7 October139. Pierce Butler to Weeden Butler, New York, 8 October140. Lambert Cadwalader to George Mitchell, New York, 8 October141. Oliver Wolcott, Sr. to Oliver Wolcott, Jr. Litchfield, 8 October142. Edmund Pendleton to James Madison, Edmundsbury, 8 October143. A Federal Centinel, South Carolina Weekly Chronicle, 9 October144. Nathan Dane to Caleb Strong, New York, 10 October§ Editors’ Note: Governor Edmund Randolph to the Speaker of the Virginia House of Delegates, Richmond, 10 October145. Edmund Pendleton to Nathaniel Pendleton, Jr. Edmundsbury, 10 October146. George Washington to James Madison, Mount Vernon, 10 October147. Tench Coxe to Andrew Allen, Philadelphia, 10 October148. “A”, Newburyport Essex Journal, 10 October149. Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 10 October150. Foederal Constitution, Pennsylvania Gazette, 10 October151 A–C. Henry Laurens and the Constitution, 11 October–29 november152. Richard Henry Lee to George Washington, New York, 11 October153. Cato II, New York Journal, 11 October154. Virginia Herald,, 11 October155. Charles Tillinghast to Hugh Hughes, New York, 12 October156 A–B. Baptists and the Constitution157. An Old Whig I, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 12 October158. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 13 October159. James Madison to George Washington, New York, 14 October160. George Washington to Henry Knox, Mount Vernon, 15 October161. Boston Gazette, 15 October162. Marcus, New York Daily Advertiser, 15 October163. William Ellery to Ebenezer Hazard, Newport, 16 October164. John Jay to John Adams, Office for Foreign Affairs, 16 October§ Editors’ Note: Richard Henry Lee to Governor Edmund Randolph, New York, 16 October165. George Washington to David Stuart, Mount Vernon, 17 October166. Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 17 October167. A Democratic Federalist, Pennsylvania Herald, 17 October168. One of the People: Massachusetts Centinel169. Cæsar II, New York Daily Advertiser, 17 October170. An Old Whig II, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 17 October171 A–C. The Attack on the Non-signers of the Constitution, Philadelphia, 17 October172. A View of the Proposed Constitution, Philadelphia, 17 October173. A Citizen of America: An Examination into the Constitution, Philadelphia, 17 October174. Don Diego de Gardoqui to Conde de Floridablanca, New York, 18 October175. Elbridge Gerry to James Warren, New York, 18 October§ Editors’ Note: Elbridge Gerry to the Massachusetts General Court, New York, 18 October176. James Madison to George Washington, New York, 18 October177. Governor John Hancock: Speech to the Massachusetts General Court, Boston, 18 October178. Brutus I, New York Journal, 18 October179. George Mason to Elbridge Gerry, Virginia Fairfax County, Gunston Hall, 20 October180. Louis Guillaume Otto to Comte de Montmorin, New York, 20 October181. An Old Whig III, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 20 October182. James Madison to Edmund Randolph, New York, 21 October§ Editors’ Note: Addresses to the Citizens of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, 21 October183 A–C. An American Citizen IV: On the Federal Government184. Lambert Cadwalader to Edward Lloyd, New York, 23 October185. Edward Carrington to Thomas Jefferson, New York, 23 October186. Henry Knox to the Marquis de Lafayette, New York, 24 October187. James Madison to Thomas Jefferson, New York, 24 October, 1 November188. James Madison to William Short, New York, 24 October189. A Political Dialogue, Massachusetts Centinel, 24 October190. Centinel II, Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 24 October191. Edward Carrington to William Short, New York, 25 October192. The Report of Connecticut's Delegates to the Constitutional Convention, New Haven Gazette, 25 October193. James White to William Blount, Philadelphia, 25 October194. Ezekiel, Boston Independent Chronicle, 25 October195. Cato III, New York Journal, 25 October196. A Republican I: To James Wilson, Esquire, New York Journal, 25 October197 A–B. A Slave and A Son of Liberty, New York Journal, 25 October, 8 November198. Newport Herald, 25 October199. Richard Henry Lee to Samuel Adams, New York, 27 October200. John Stevens, Jr. to John Stevens, Sr. New York, 27 October201. Publius, The Federalist 1, New York Independent Journal, 27 October202. An Old Whig IV, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 27 October203. M.C. Pennsylvania Herald, 27 October204. Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 27 October205. James Madison to Edmund Pendleton, New York, 28 October206. Walter Minto to the Earl of Buchan, New York, 28 October207. George Lee Turberville to Arthur Lee, Richmond, 28 October208. Christopher Gadsden to Thomas Jefferson, Charleston, 29 October209. Joseph Jones to James Madison, Richmond, 29 October210. From Arthur Lee, New York, 29 October211. Boston Gazette, 29 October212. James Madison to Archibald Stuart, New York, 30 October213. Gouverneur Morris to George Washington, Philadelphia, 30 October214. Salem Mercury, 30 October215. Nicholas Gilman to President John Sullivan of New Hampshire, New York, 31 October216. Northampton Hampshire Gazette, 31 October217. Publius: The Federalist 2, New York Independent Journal, 31 October218. Pennsylvania Gazette, 31 October219. Ship News, Boston Independent Chronicle, 1 November220. Albany Gazette, 1 November221. Brutus II, New York Journal, 1 November222. Cincinnatus I: To James Wilson, Esquire, New York Journal, 1 November223. Timoleon, New York Journal, Extraordinary, 1 November224. An Old Whig V, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 1 November225. Foreigner I, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 2 November226. Pieter Johann Van Berckel to the States General, New York, 3 November227 A–B. Elbridge Gerry and the Constitution228. Publius: The Federalist 3, New York Independent Journal, 3 November229. A Farmer, of New Jersey: Observations on Government, New York, 3 November230. A Landholder I, Connecticut Courant, 5 November231. An Officer of the Late Continental Army, Philadelphia Independent Gazetteer, 6 November232. George Turner to Winthrop Sargent, Philadelphia, 6 November233 A–C. George Washington in the Constitutional Convention234. Publius: The Federalist 4, New York Independent Journal, 7 November235. Mathew Carey: The Prayer of an American Citizen, Philadelphia American Museum, 7 November236. Philadelphia Freeman's Journal, 7 November237 A–C. The Philadelphia Press and the Constitution